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Woman's Work for Woman.
A UNION ILLUSTRATED MAGAZINE
WOMAN'S FOREIGN MISSIONARY SOCIETIES
OF THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH.
| SEP 1? 1986
HOUSE, 53 FIFTH
INDEX TO VOLUME VII.
' Africa :
What a New Missionary Sees and Foresees . 14
Fifty Years Ago in the Gaboon Mission . .151
" Spero Meliora " 152
Modern Times in Gaboon 153
From Liverpool to the Gaboon River . . .157
Report from Foulahbifung for 1S91 . . 159
A Fang Wedding, Dowry and All .... 160
Death of a Young Christian on the Ogowe . 217
Letters from . 17, 49, 107, 164, 195, 253, 281
Annual Meeting Reports, 139, 140, 168, 170, 171
Annual Retorts, Points on 79
Another Year 3
Audited Accounts, Some 21
Auxiliaries, To the 24, 54,
81, in, 142, 173, 201, 231, 258, 289, 316, 343
Auxiliaries and Bands, New . . 28, 57,
84, 114, 144, 174, 203, 233, 261, 291, 319, 346
Battle Call, The — Verse 315
Because I May not Live to Work Long . 315
Bereaved, For the 62
Book Notices, 30, 52, no, 142, 172, 258, 342
Called Aside — Poem 23
Change of Standpoint, A 50
Chemical Rays 341
Incident of a Tour in Ichowfu District . . 3
Anti-Foreign Hand-bill from China 33
A Country Day School in China .... 34
A Hospital Chapter from Sar,; Kong ... 35
Characteristic Features of Macao .... 37
A Specimen of Christian Family Life in China 38
Fresh Glimpses of Nanking 39
Patiently Waiting 41
The Lord's Work on the Island of Hainan, 42
Only a Few Incidents 44
Visit to an Out-Station 45
Five Days with the Doctor, Oct. 20-24, 1891 64
The Stake for which we are Working at Wei
A Regnant Superstition 184
Chinese Idolatry 189
A Patient in the Viceroy's House, Canton . 190
Buried Seed 192
Letters from 19, 46, 75,
107, 136, 166, 196, 224, 225, 252, 283, 310, 337
Chinese in America :
The Chinese Must Go 183
Where Are the Chinese Sunday-Schools ? . . 184
Seed Springing Up 185
Passage in History of Chinese Women's Home 1S8
Highbinders or Christians, Which ? . . . 220
Cry as of Pain, A — Hymn with Music . . 78
Do You Read ? What? 257
Editorial Notes (in part) :
Cholera . . 33, 180, 235, 263, 264, 293, 322
Converts . . 87, 117, 118, 150, 180, 264, 321
Deaths. ... 33, 59, 87, 179, 207, 263, 321
Incidents . . 6o, 88, 118, 150, 236, 264, 294
Journeys 149, 179, 264, 293, 321
Medical 2, 88, 118, 235, 294
Missionaries Wanted . . . . 117, 150, 236
New Buildings .... 59, 87, 150, 180, 293
Persecution 2, 180, 236, 321
Schools . . 59, 60, 118, 180, 236, 293, 322
Smallpox 2, 60, 88
Translation 87, 150, 294
Various Societies, 34, 60, 88, 118, 236, 294, 322
Guatemala, Ignorance and Shows ... 67
Letter from 335
How She Formed a Society 288
The Mission House, N. Y. 3; A frica. Trading
House Afloat at Bonny, 153 ; Going to Mar-
ket, 155 ; Grand Canary, 156 ; Map, 157 ;
Village on Gold Coast, 158 ; China, Macao
Shrine, 36 ; Vista, 37 ; Christian Family, 38 ;
Nanking Sketches, 40 ; Hainanese Lady
Traveling, 43 : Paper Offerings for the Dead,
185 ; Hainan Temple, 190 : India, Temple
of Badrinath, 9 ; High Priest of Badrinath,
11 ; Allahabad Hospital, 89 ; Bhishti, 91 ;
Ferozepore Beggars, 96 ; Class, Rawal Pindi,
99; Himalayan Path, 101 ; Mrs. E. J. Scott,
305 ; Indians, Map ; Distribution in U. S.,
182 ; Japan, Map, 241 ; Priest, 244 ; Ap-
proach to Haruna Temple, 245 ; Bridge near
Haruna, 246 ; Kanazawa Castle, 248 ; Jews,
Procession, 16 ; Korea, Auntie, 209 ; Dia-
gram of Seoul, 210 ; Map, 211 ; Wall and
Gate of Seoul, 213 ; Class of Korean Women,
216; Street Costume, 218 ; Laos, Boat, 124 ;
Fresco in Shan Monastery, 127 ; Mexico.
Church in Mexico City, 61 ; Former Chapel
now Kitchen, 62 ; Map, 63 ; Juan Diego
Opening His Manta, 66 ; Huts seen from
Railway, 70, 71 ; Persia, Armenian Family,
13 ; Salmas Courtyard, 26S ; Bread-Making,
271 ; Tabriz Schoolboys, 275 ; Tabriz School-
house, 276 ; Hasso, 277 ; Map, 279 ; Siam,
Members of Mission, 123 ; Bamboo School-
house, 130; Ruins at Ayuthia, 132; South
America, Map, 296 ; Holiday in Chile, 29S ;
Colombian Village, 302 ; Woman, 302 ; Man
Mounted, 303 ; Syria, Girls' School, Tripoli,
187 ; Druze Woman, 326 ; Minyara, 327 ;
Hamath Diligence, 328 ; Map, 329 ; Bedouin
Camp, 331 ; Hamath Buildings, 332 ; Thibet,
Long Horns, 192.
Inasmuch — Verse 193
A Visit to Badrinath Temple 8
A Mute Appeal 89
Caste, Illustrated from Experience .... 90
Page from Dr. J. Carleton's Note-book . . 93
A Few from Among Thousands .... 96
The Evangelist In and About Etawah . . 97
Glimpses of a Happy Year at Rawal Pindi . 98
Incidents from Sangli 102
A Dozen Neglected Villages 103
Dr. Pentecost in India 13 1
Letters from 18, 76, 104, 106,
135, 166, 194, 221, 222, 251, 282, 311, 337
INDEX TO VOW
" /7 VII. — Continued.
Indians, North American :
The Xez Perce Missionaries to the Shoshones, J .
A Page on Indian Affairs 1S1
Liberal Souls in the Women's Society . . . 183
Letter from 76
Instructions to Young Missionaries . . 341
Is He Worth It? 108
Is He Worth It ? 227
Israel be Evangelized, Shall? .... 15
A Woman's Meeting in Kyoto 7
Shikata Ga Nai — Verse 53
Christmas at Takata 68
A Requisite in Japan — Adaptability . . . 237
Japan Not Yet a Christian Empire . . 238
A Church Home and Three of its Members . 239
Within Our Japan Missions 240
Map of Japan 241
A Path for Woman's Work 242
A Reminiscence of Haruna. Japan .... 243
Converted in Hospital at Tokyo .... 246
A Japanese Tercentenary 247
Yamaguchi School Girls 250
How the Leaven Got into Sado 278
Letters from 47, 106, 137, 196, 310
Missionary Beginnings in Fusan .... 69
Around in Seoul 209
The Map 210
A Trip to Annual Meeting from Fusan . . 212
Incidents in Work Among the Women . . 214
The Women Who Labor with Me .... 215
As I See Korean Women 218
Slaves in Korea 219
Letter from ■< . .221
Famine and Gospel Work in Lakawn . . .119
Advantages of Lapoon as a Station . . .121
To Laos Land, through the Eyes of a Young
On the Maa Wung River, Below Lakawn . 126
Among the Villages North of Lakawn . .130
Famine in Lakawn Province 304
Letters from 20, 134, 253, 338
Lift the Anchor 285
Grand Reunion of Sabbath-schools ... 61
Facts in a Nutshell 62
Theological Seminary, Tlalpam 64
Vitality of an Old Legend 66
Passing Glances of a Traveler 70
Promising Graduates of Mexico City School . 161
Letters from 73, 225, 311
Missionary Interest in Christian En-
deavor Society 230
Monthly Meeting 21, 51,
77, 138, 168, 198, 226, 254, 284, 312, 339
Monthly Meeting Programme Explained, 226
Moravian Missions — A Glimpse .... 191
More Blessed — Verse 257
Mrs. Tibbins's Guest 255
Mrs. Wilbor's Mistake 286
My One Possession — Verse 90
Old Question Answered by New Ques-
Open Letter, An 141
Our Society — and Yours? 312
Over Against the Treasury 314
A Wedding Feast 12
Happy Travelers and Joyful Return ... 67
Extracts from Mrs. Bishop's " Journeys " . 128
<Iotes from a Beleaguered City 265
A Bold Confessor Under Fire 266
Report of the Girls' School, Salmas . . . 268
One Itinerary from New York .... 269
Oroomiah Visited 270
Perils of the Mountain Field 273
Oroomiah Plain 274
Memorial Training School for Boys, Tabriz . 275
Up to Date in Oroomiah Station .... 276
Hasso the Kurd 277
Brief Facts, with Map 279
Letters from 20,
48, 74. 137, 165, 195, 222, 253, 280, 336, 336
Personal Experience, A 138
Plea, A — Verse 231
Pioneer Heard From, Another .... 109
Public School Teacher at Home and
Abroad, The 120
Reasons Why 227
Sermon at Grace Church, From a . . .141
Scott, Mrs. E. J 304
She Runneth 77
Short Logical Chain, A 229
The Missionary Circle 121
A Handful of Petchaburee Girls .... 125
Day Schools for Heathen Children . . . .130
Gods Under Repair 132
Letters from . . . 134, 195, 223, 252, 311, 338
Since Last Month 24,
54, 80, in, 142, 172, 200, 231, 289, 316, 342
South America :
Independence Day in Valparaiso . . . . 12
Notes from Brazil 65
A Flying Visit to Bogota 193
Evangelistic Work in Brazil 295
What Authority Has the Bible in Spanish
America ? 295
A Funeral in Chile 297
Chilian Amusements 298
All About Botucatu 299
Colombian Sketches 302
Compliments of the Press, in Spanish and
Festival of the Holy Spirit in Castro, Brazil, 303
A Snow-storm in Brazil, and a Garden . . 303
Letters from Brazil, 73, 197, 30S, Chile, 137, 194,
309, Colombia, 310.
Suggestion Corner . 23, 54, 80, 110, 200, 2S8
Suggestion for the New Working Year, 229
Sun Gleams on a Dark Day 72
A Syrian Sunday in February 162
School Commencement and Presbytery at
All Aboard for North Syria. 1 305
A December Voyage of Discovery .... 323
Even the Druze Woman 325
Features at Tripoli and Minyara .... 326
All Aboard for North Syria.' II 328
Salutation from one of the Senior Missionaries, 332
Zahil, Aged Eighteen Months 333
A Little Corner of the Earth 334
Letters from 19, 75, 335
Thibet, On the Borders of 100
Treasurers' Reports 28, 57,
84, 115, 145, 175, 203, 233, 261, 292, 319, 346
What Can We Do to Increase Interest
in Meetings? 24
What Shall We Do to Make Interest
General ? no
Woman's Day at Portland, Ore. . . .198
Woman's Meeting at Toronto, Canada . 340
WOMAN'S WORK FOR WOMAN.
Vol. VII. DECEMBER, 1892. No. 12.
Much precious freight of life has gone
forth from the Mission House across the
Atlantic during the last weeks of ocean
storms. All companies departing pre-
vious to November 9 have been reported
safe on the other side.
By an accident to their steamer, Sep-
tember 3, Miss Nassau and Miss Babe
were detained at Fernando Po and on
the 16th were yet waiting for a chance to
cover the last ninety miles to Batanga.
Little Herbert Garvin, three years
old, died suddenly of diphtheria, his
father being absent from home (Val-
paraiso) at the time.
Up to our latest dates, September 30,
Mirza Ibrahim was still confined amid the
horrors of the inner prison at Tabriz.
To the Christian brother who visited him
he said "This is like living in hell," and
that he "feared for himself," meaning,
not for his life but for the temptations
which beset his soul. The word of the
Shah is necessary to release this brave
confessor, and kings' hearts are in the
hand of our prayer-answering God.
Our brother Woodward Finley has
been seeing rough service in the Prov-
ince of Sergipe, North Brazil, where he
has been since April, without a mission-
ary companion and much shut up to the
Portuguese tongue. At Larangeiras, an
official sent 200 men to break up Mr.
Finley's preaching service, twice led 500,
and once, 1,000 in attacking his house,
and on September 8, threatened another
attack for the next day, in which Mr.
Finley should either be killed or expelled
from the country. Our missionary had
frustrated former attempts and now ap-
pealed to the Governor, who promptly
furnished him with soldiers so that he
fully maintained his ground.
Amid all this trouble six or seven per-
sons were wishing to confess their faith
in Christ. " 1 like persecution for this
reason " writes Mr. Finley, " that always,
afterward, there is an awakening."
Mr. Good wrote from Batanga, W.
Africa, August 13, having returned after
an absence of 23 days, from the first of
his proposed exploring expeditions. He
had reached a point in the Bule country,
about 90 miles north of east from
Batanga, whence he turned northwest
to Bongolo and thence, by another route,
back to the coast. He was in excellent
health and although he believed " few
travelers have been more lied to in the
same length of time than I," he made
light of inconveniences in comparison
with the satisfactory results of his trip.
He expected to soon start on a second
expedition and be absent two months or
so. He proposed to strike the Campo
River 50 or 60 miles southeast of Batanga.
He would then follow the river, if passa-
ble, into the country of the Fan people,
of whom he met but few among the Bule
in his former trip. A very unfavorable
fact was the rains which had set in, so
that our traveler was liable to live in wet
clothing for days together, but the only
alternative was to defer the trip for a
year. Except for the strange delay in
receiving the letter of instructions from
New York, this trip would have been
completed before the rainy season.
Our brother Robert Irwin after three
weeks spent in distributing rice, both for
food and for planting, amid the dreary
famine scenes in Muang Suom, was tem-
porarily driven back to Lakawn, by fever,
in August. The seed rice was carried on
the shoulders of a company of thirty-six,
many of them mere girls, a five days'
journey from near Lampoon, over mount-
ains and through mud often knee-deep.
Another company of eighty carried the
eating rice from a point on the Maa Wang
south, nearly a day's journey. "The
suffering on these journeys" says Mr.
Irwin, "was something awful."
The improved sanitation of Syria due,
perhaps wholly, to missions, accounts, as
Mr. George Ford says, for the "happjr
difference " between the cholera visitation
of this year and heavier visitations of
former seasons. Last year, the disease
was carried by pilgrims from Mecca to
Damascus and Tripoli, and was trans-
ported to the poor Bedawi in their goat
hair tents on the upper Jordan, by means
of second-hand clothing sold to them from
Damascus. A cordon arrested the epi-
demic at that point. This summer, it was
carried into Acca, by pilgrims from Persia,
who went to honor the memory of the
lately deceased leader of the Babite sect,
and to subscribe to the accession of his
Early in July, a sudden and stern cor-
don cutting Sidon off from both Beirut
and the Lebanon district, surprised the
schools in the midst of their annual ex-
aminations. Over a hundred pupils and
teachers must pass the line of military
tents or be shut up in Sidon during a
three months' vacation. Within an hour
and a half after the first warning was
received, one school was cleared, and the
whole column with bedding, baggage and
provisions, employing every available
beast of burden in the city, crossed at the
nearest point into the Lebanon before
the guns were turned upon travelers. In
that retreat, the examinations were con-
ducted to their close and, thence, the
pupils were dispersed to their homes.
Quarantine against vessels from New
York was declared at Barranquilla, the
port of Colombia, the last week in Sep-
tember. At that time, a few prominent
citizens of the place were trying to get
up a Columbian celebration for October 12.
A gentleman had written a hymn Ticra !
(" Land ") to be sung in the evening from
a balcony on the public square, and our
mission schools were preparing under
Mrs. Candor's training to sing it, other
invited schools (Roman Catholic) hav-
ing declined to join them. We hope
the children sung their best and waked
the echoes of 400 years across that
Colombia is a little nearer the United
States than Brazil. A gentleman from S.
Paulo tells us that while some wealthy
Brazilians will go to the Exposition in
Chicago, the mass of people in Brazil have
never heard there was a Columbus.
A Day of Glad Tidings for Every Creat-
ure is the title of a new Christmas Exer-
cise which has been prepared with skill
and care for the use of Sunday-schools
and Young People's Societies. Had for
the asking, from William Dulles, Jr., 53
Wellesley C. Bailey has been among
us for a few days, telling about that com-
passionate work for lepers to which he
has devoted twenty-three years of his life.
He read us the dying message which
"dear John Newton" sent him, urging
that the lepers be looked after at our
India stations. The Mission, of which
Mr. Bailey is secretary and superintendent,
has thirty-three centres of work in India,
Burma and China, and proposes to enter
Japan. There were seventy-nine baptisms
in 1891. The Mission depends upon
voluntary contributions and is in need of
help. Address, 17 Glengyle Terrace,
The November issue of Woman's Work
suffered a serious detention for want of
paper from the mills, a result of the chol-
era scare, which cut off the usual supply
of imported rags. Another unexpected
delay occurred in the Post Office. This
serves to show how, small and large, we
are all bound together in the same bundle
of activities. Although such a thing is
not likely to ever occur again, ups and
downs in the great world of business are
a certainty, and, on that account, we have
always thought those auxiliaries which
make sure of using their magazines before
their meetings by holding these in the
second week of the month, do more wisely
than those who meet in the first week.
This explanation is given because it is
due to our Readers and, equally, that we
may thank them for their kind forbear-
ance in the matter of this delay.
A Missionary Calendar arranged for
daily prayer and remembrance, made to
hang, and after an entirely new and pretty
design, is promised by our Chicago friends,
for December 1. Only twenty-five cents,
by mail. Order from any of the Woman's
We were misinformed regarding a let-
ter from Siam published last month. It
was not written by Mrs. Eakin, but Miss
Elizabeth Eakin, who teaches in her
brother's school at Bangkok.
OUR MISSIONARIES IN SYRIA
AND POST OFFICE ADDRESSES.
All letters should be addressed "American Mission."
Mrs. Gerald F. Dale,
Mrs. W. W. Eddy,
Miss Eliza D. Everett,
Mrs. H. H. Jessup,
Miss Ellen M. Law,
Mrs. William Bird, Abeih via Beirut
Miss Emily G. Bird, Abeih via Beirut.
Miss Charlotte H. Brown, Sidon.
Mrs. William K. Eddy,
Miss Mary T. Maxwell Ford,
Mrs. Ira Harris, Tripoli.
Miss M. C. Holmes,
Miss Harriet N. La Grange,
Mrs. F. W. March,
Mrs. W. S. Nelson,
Mrs. F. E. Hoskins,
Mrs. William Jessup.
In this Country : Miss Alice Barber, address, Joliet, 111.: Miss Rebecca Brown, Manasquan, N. J.
A DECEMBER VOYAGE OF DISCOVERY.
This is the anniversary year of a mar-
velous voyage of discovery. It was one
of the supreme moments in the history of
the world when Columbus sighted the
Western Continent. Four centuries have
passed and the New World has grown to
be rich and powerful and is the arena of
a civilization and culture which have not
been surpassed in history.
Is not this an auspicious moment and
is not December — our Syria month —
just the season for us Christian believers
in other continents for Christ, to turn a
wistful look eastward across the seas and
set our sails for a voyage of discovery in
search of those "kingdoms of our Lord"
which faith tells us must be there, and of
whose existence there are so many mani-
fest signs upon that great chart of the
promises by which the Church has sailed
over all the wide and stormy seas of
Time? Is it not written: "All nations
shall serve Him"? Is not God to give
Him "the heathen for His inheritance
and the uttermost parts of the earth for
His possession"? Are not "they that
dwell in the wilderness to bow before
Him and His enemies to lick the dust" ?
Is not His name to be "great among the
Gentiles"? Is not "the earth to be filled
with the knowledge of the glory of the
Lord as the waters cover the sea"? It
may be that, like Columbus, we shall sight
at first only some lone island of light as
we peer into the darkness of superstition
and ignorance, but just as the island
which Columbus discovered was the
prophecy of a vast continent lying be-
yond, so our island of spiritual light shall
be the herald of those immense outlying
realms which we shall some day win for
Let us weigh anchor, and set our sails
for the winds of love and hope and
strong confidence in God to waft us over
the seas which separate us from those
faith-discerned shores and which seem
such an impassable barrier to so many
who "don't believe" in the existence of
other lands than ours for Christ.
Come, dear friends, who have prayed
for Syria during the past year, breathe
upon the spreading canvas of our good
ship of discovery ; and you who have
given your gifts for Syria in the name of
Christ and have watched for tidings of
God's presence there ; and you, children,
who have wistfully longed to send some
blessing to the children of Syria ; give us
such an on-rush of favoring gales, such a
strong, steady breeze out of confident
and believing hearts, that our ship shall
be wafted swiftly onward until it touch
the shores of that new spiritual continent
which the missionary enterprise of the
Christian Church has already discovered
and is yet to explore and possess in the
name of the Master.
Land ho ! The gleaming peaks of
Lebanon are creeping up out of the blue
waters of the Mediterranean, the rugged
heights of the "goodly mountain" are
coming fully into view ; up and down
the old Phoenician plain are the cities of
the coast ; to the north are Beirut and
Tripoli ; in the centre are Sidon and
Tyre ; and away to the south is Jaffa,
and inland is Jerusalem, city of sacred
memories, hidden away among the hills
As ships sail up and down the Syrian
coast, past the orange gardens of Sidon
and Tripoli, the wind, if it blows from
the shore, sometimes brings away out
upon the sea the faint, sweet perfume of
the orange blossoms, so that passengers
upon the deck of a passing steamer have
wondered at the delicious fragrance of
the air. So, as we draw near this land of
sacred memories, there seems to greet us,
as we approach, a strangely sweet fra-
grance of the hallowed life and divine
character of the Christ whose native land
and only earthly home is before us.
As we step upon the shore, we realize
what untold wealth of history is hidden
A DECEMBER VOYAGE OF DISCOVERY. [December.
away in this Syrian land awaiting a dis-
coverer. It is a realm of buried treas-
ures ; glittering relics of the past lie scat-
tered like jewels in the very soil. But
however lovely the charms of history
and however sacred the memories of our
Lord's life upon earth, these things are
not what we have come to search for.
We are rather seeking signs of a new
world for Christ, some outlines of a
spiritual continent which shall come
more fully into view as time goes on and
be the scene of a Christian triumph
which will some day fill the world with
its glory. Syria is to us, upon this Voy-
age of Discovery, like an island prophecy
of a wondrous continent beyond, which
faith can already clearly outline as we
gaze into the spiritual possibilities of
another century of mission progress.
When Columbus touched the shores of
his newly-discovered world, only the
Book of Nature was opened before him,
and in it he could find no tidings of the
stupendous destiny which awaited the
Western Continent ; but we, as we land
upon our ideal continent, find another
Book opened — a living Book, full of
prophecy and promise of the glories of a
coming kingdom which is not alone of
The first thing that greets our eager
eyes as we land in Syria is the open
Bible. It will be the power of God, and
is the promise of a new life and a glori-
ous future to Syria, just as it has been to
other lands which have received it. As
we continue our search we find places of
Christian worship, where the Gospel is
preached, where the love of Christ is pro-
claimed, where hearts unite in public
service of prayer and praise to Almighty
God. And here are Sabbath-schools,
where the young are taught and trained
in Christian knowledge and we can hear
the children sing the very Sabbath-school
melodies that we have so often heard in
the home land. As we pursue our search
we find Christian literature scattered
everywhere, and we can visit that fount-
ain of light, the Mission Press, from
which many millions of pages are sent
forth every year. We find, too, the
Christian school and the ministry of
healing at the hands of missionaries ; we
can find Christian homes among the peo-
ple and family altars and, if we could
search it out, we would find the leaven of
the Gospel working throughout Syria,
with its transforming power in many
hearts where as yet there are no very
manifest signs of its presence.
Now, let us ask ourselves, what has
made America such a land of light and
liberty and noble civilization? Is it not
the Bible, the Church, the press, the
school, the home and the ministries of
Christian philanthropy? These are the
agencies which, with God's blessing, have
given us our place of power and privilege
among the nations. What would have
been the history of America if these
mighty forces had been altogether elim-
inated from our social, intellectual and
religious life ? And may we not be con-
fident that what God has done for Amer-
ica through these agencies he will do also
for other lands where in His providence
He has introduced them ?
We must note, however, that the con-
ditions which surround the workings of
these instrumentalities have been im-
mensely to the advantage of our own
America in comparison with those which
environ their entrance into Eastern
lands. Here was new, fresh soil and
open doors of entrance for earnest, brave
and loyal hearts to take possession.
Stalwart men and women under the
pressure of conscientious convictions and
with hearts aglow with aspiration and a
noble mission taxing their energies, en-
tered in the fear of God into a new land
to work out under the guidance of the
Great Leader of the Nations a magnifi-
cent destiny. But in the East, these
agencies of light and civilization which
entered America with a free step and a
high enthusiasm and an indomitable
courage and with full scope to work out
their destiny, must force an entrance
where their coming is viewed with sus-
picion, where active and powerful foes
spring up to contest their progress. With
all the advantages which America has af-
forded for the development of high civil-
ization under the inspiration and guidance
of these noblest elements of our modern
life, there is yet much to be desired in
American achievements, and in the re-
ligious life of even the last decade of this
throbbing century. Must we not then
be patient, and considerate, and not lose
heart and courage, as we witness the con-
flicts of Christian missions with the
mighty opposing forces struggling to
retain supremacy in hearts where they
have long held sway? We will be pa-
tient, and persevering, and loyal, and
believing, and prayerful. Our Gospel
EVEN THE DRUZE WOMAN.
3 2 5
and its noble allies will tvin in this strug-
gle. No one can visit a land like Syria
and trace the history of that brief and
heroic campaign of evangelical missions,
carried on against tremendous opposition,
and behold the results already achieved,
the strategic points taken and held, the
commanding positions already occupied,
and note the living, undying energy of
the Gospel as it steadily advances in
spite of the most determined hostility,
without having his heart cheered and
his faith confirmed in the reality of
its progress and the certainty of its
There are other scenes of missionary
activity that we could visit all around
the coasts of the vast interior continent.
The Turkish Empire itself is a perfect
archipelago of centres of mission light
and work. And we can pass on to the
dark continent of Africa, to India, China,
Japan and the islands of the South Pa-
cific and find everywhere the cheering
signs of a new world for Christ.
Let us have faith — let us have grand,
strong faith. The magnificent forces of
the Gospel are actively at work and full
of the energy which God has given to
them. Under God's guidance they will
possess the world and make all things
new. What honors are now freely ac-
corded to those who wrought in faith for
the discovery and occupation of our own
continent, who "walked by faith and not
by sight" upon the shores of America
hundreds of years ago ! Those who in
their day and in their humble sphere were
workmen of God in preparation for the
great future of our now teeming conti-
nent are the heroes of the hour.
So it shall be with those who toil in
faith for the coming of the world-wide
Kingdom of Light. They shall have
their reward and their hearts shall be
thrilled with the joy of victory. What
rejoicings even now must fill the heart of
Carey, that Columbus of modern mis-
sions, as he beholds the Kingdom of
Christ advancing on the earth !
Our Voyage of Discovery will be in
vain, however, unless we gather a solemn
impression of the responsibility and duty
of the Christian Church to carry on this
great enterprise with renewed energy
and rising enthusiasm. We shall have
missed, perhaps, the most important les-
son of our voyage, unless we return with
an earnest purpose to deepen our conse-
cration and widen our sympathies and
multiply our prayers and increase our
gifts and do loyally our full part, in this
most magnificent of all the services of
man for man and heaven for earth.
The new continent which Columbus
discovered was of little consequence to
the Old World at first, but God had mar-
velous purposes and, now, the New World
is a blessing and a refuge and an inspira-
tion to the Old. So, that glorious con-
tinent upon the shores of which the
pioneers of Christian missionary enter-
prise have already landed will some day
be the joy of the whole earth. It shall
finally be peopled with God's Elect and
shall become more and more a blessing
and a praise to all who love our Lord and
long for His redemption.
James S. Dennis.
EVEN THE DRUZE WOMAN.
A glance backward through a score
or more of years helps one to realize
some changes which have taken place in
Lebanon, in the passing away of old
customs and the remodeling of old ideas.
I remember calling with my husband
during the early part of our missionary
life at the house of a Druze of rank. We
were received by the oriental lord in his
apartment for visitors. On asking to see
his wife, whom I had known a few years
before as a little girl in one of our mis-
sion schools, he bade an attendant to take
me to her part of the house. Leaving
my husband I was escorted through a
long passageway to a door which the
man opened with a heavy key. I confess
to a little shrinking as it grated in the
lock. I was then taken up a flight of
stairs to a court into which opened two
or three rooms. In one of them I found
the little Sit (lady), who was still in her
teens. These rooms and the court, in
which a few flowers were growing, were
her little world, I might almost say prison,
for she had few liberties beyond its
bounds. Not even an outing to visit
her parents was permitted her during
the first twenty or more years of her
married life. This call was made not far
from twenty-five years ago. On our last
visit at the same house, we were received
by this same lady in a well-furnished
parlor below stairs. No key unlocked
the door. She was dignified and self-
possessed, a little shy in the presence of
FEATURES AT TRIPOLI AND MINYARA, SYRIA. [December,
my husband, still, only partially covering her face with her delicate veil.* Several
of her daughters were in the room. Latterly she has been allowed visits to
Beirut, and has made one to the home of her childhood.
Another Druze lady who has always come to
see us after dark and enveloped in a sheet, and
whose sense of propriety would have been shocked
had she met on our premises — even at that hour
and in that array — any male member of our house-
hold, and who, on our calls upon the family always
saw me in a private room, while my husband visited
her's in another room at a safe distance, now re-
ceives us both with that gentleman in the same
apartment, he giving most cordial approval and
opening the way for her to take part in general con-
Old customs and prejudices are yielding, and
woman's narrow life has begun to widen even among
As yet the influence of Christianity has hardly
reached the women of this sect. Our intercourse
with them is very friendly. Their sons and daughters
attend our schools but their strange religion and
their social ties hold them with an iron grasp. Now
and then a case occurs which gives hope. One, will
at least show that a Druze woman's heart can be
touched by the story of the life of Jesus.
A common peasant woman to whom we had often
spoken about the soul and its needs, and who seems, at such times, thoughtful, came
a short time since to call on us. A roll of large, colored Bible pictures was on the
back of a chair. We sat down before it and, as I turned them one by one, and
explained them, I found her very appreciative both of the pictures and the Bible
incidents they illustrated. Christ conversing with Nicodemus, the marriage scene
at Cana, the woman at the well, the giving of the invitation at the feast, the
anointing of the eyes of the blind man, and others, riveted her attention. Christ
was the central figure in each, and the gentle face, His loving acts and words,
so attracted her, that, as we finished the roll, she said with feeling, her eyes still
fixed on one of the pictures, "/ would like to be saved by this Saviour." Was it
only a passing thought ? S G Bird
Mt. Lebanon, Sept. 26, 1892.
* The covering of the face in the presence of men is enjoined on Druze women by their religion. The veil is
drawn across in such a way as to conceal all but one eye.
A DRUZE WOMAN.
SOME FEATURES AT TRIPOLI AND MINYARA, SYRIA.
The feature of our missionary work in
which I am personally most interested is
the women's meetings. Mrs. March has
one at her home in the Meena* each
Thursday afternoon and it is well at-
tended, the women being not only in-
terested but enthusiastic. I also have a
meeting here at my home, on the same
afternoon each week. There are often
about thirty women present, only six of
whom are church members, but some of
these others have come out beautifully,
and are staunch, true Christians, and the
good work is going on. A number of
* The port of Tripoli and the village which has there
grown up ; about a mile from the city proper.
these are learning to read ; four have
now begun in the Testament, who three
or four months ago did not know one
letter from another. We began with the
primer, and the women would learn a few
letters at a meeting and, then, as they
worked in their homes, spinning the silk,
one hand held and turned the reel while
the other held the loved primer and the
worker repeated to herself, " this is aleph,
one dot under," " ba, two dots over," " ta,"
etc. etc. It was and is a positive inspira-
tion to see how diligent they are.
And they all bring the same eager
attention and interest to the Bible lesson,
and while it does not sound very " large,"
1892.] FEATURES AT TRIPOLI AND MINYARA, SYRIA.
to say they learned about thirty, perhaps
forty verses last year, and three hymns,
and the twenty-third Psalm, it represents
good, faithful work. I have begun a new
meeting this year in a poor quarter of the
city, where the people are largely Maron-
ites. This is small yet, not more than a
dozen women ; but four or five are in-
terested enough to wish to learn
more and have come down to the
Thursday meeting and two have
joined the reading class.
The gentlemen visit the out-
stations regularly ; it is only once
in a while that we ladies can go,
but the welcome one of us re-
ceives when she does go, is most
refreshing. Not long since I went
with Mr. Nelson to Minyara, a vil-
lage about four hours from Tripoli
and one of the brightest spots in
our mission field. We reached the
village about six o'clock and it is
astonishing to see how quickly the
people can gather together. We
sat and talked with them until our
cook arrived and produced from
the big saddle-bags the little stove,
kettles and dishes, and we soon
had a cup of tea that was very
refreshing after the fatigue of the
The church room rapidly filled up and
we talked with the various ones, asking
after the state of church affairs and their
own circumstances. After reading and
exposition of a chapter and prayer, they
bade us " good night " as they thoughtfully
said we must be tired, and we were free
to put up our traveling beds and make
ready for the night.
Sabbath was a high day — one pro-
tracted meeting with eager, earnest
people seeking to know the truth as it is
in Jesus, and begging for more if one
did so much as show a sign of stopping.
We were wakened by childish voices as
the little ones gathered for Sabbath-
school. That was followed by church
service, for which the building was filled
to the utmost capacity and the doors and
windows were full of faces. It was a
mystery where the bodies belonging to
those faces were stowed away, for they
were not visible from the inside. After
this service were two open-air meetings,
one for the men, the other for the women,
lasting till noon. After dinner, a very
large women's meeting was followed by
communion service, and after supper
nearly the whole village gathered in hope
of a wedding, which did not come off
until the next night ; but we improved
the opportunity and gave them the won-
derful news of salvation by Jesus Christ.
Thus about ten o'clock closed one day,
very full of opportunity for us, his " sent
ones " — as the Arabs say.
Monday was taken up with the school,
where those seventy children made the
welkin ring as they recited verse after
verse, psalm and chapter, almost unend-
ingly it seemed. Is it too much to hope
for a large harvest, where the seed is
sown so abundantly and where the soil
seems so good ? After dinner I called on
many of the women in their houses, (and
poorer homes I have never seen,) but
everywhere there was a bright, happy
spirit ■ — happy in the Lord is just what
those women are. In two places we held
In the evening the daughter of the
pastor was married in the church. It did
seem a little odd that the mother did not
even change her calico dress, and went
about her usual cares as though it were
a daily occurrence to send her oldest
daughter to a home of her own. But Mr.
Nelson said the words that made the
happy couple man and wife, and gave the
waiting crowd some good advice and
helpful hints as to living their lives unto
the Lord. The bride, a girl of about
fourteen, was conducted back to her
father's home, while the bridegroom
ALL ABOARD FOR NORTH SYRLA.
went home to put his house in order.
The women sitting with the bride passed
a pleasant evening, listening to sweet
Bible stories and singing hymns.
Emma Hay Nelson.
ALL ABOARD FOR NORTH SYRIA.— II.
Are you ready to take the Hamath dil-
igence with us (from Hums) this morning
at four o'clock ? As we expect to live in
THE HAMATH DILIGENCE.
a tent, we must take our iron beds, kitchen
box and cook, and be up bright and early.
The night being warm, sand flies lively,
and the fear upon our minds that the
alarm clock may fail us, we abandon the
pretense of resting and rise at 2.30.
We try to partake of the tea, bread and
milk which the cook has ready, then wend
our way through the town to the diligence
office. The carriage is much smaller than
that from Tripoli, is drawn by three mules
and the guard is dispensed with.
The road is good and the scenery more
varied than between Tripoli and Hums,
the country is rolling and the villages
present a different appearance. The ar-
chitecture is new to me. Fancy a square
hut, with a roof rising like a pointed cone
as high again, all of mud bricks, mud-
plastered ; a part whitewashed, others of
the natural color, something between a
London smoke and a chocolate. The
cities of the dead are conspicuous, out-
numbering the villages of the living. By
one small village, six hundred new graves
tell the story of the fever epidemic last
year. About the higher villages are ruins
of rock tombs ; some of the hills are
honey-combed with them, many were de-
molished when the road was made. An-
tiques have been found in them : tear
bottles, cinerary urns, intaglios, jewelry,
lamps, etc. ; elocpient though silent wit-
nesses of the Past. Many of these rock
tombs may be seen at Restan, the site of
a very ancient city founded by one of the
early Syrian kings. The modern village
is a diligence station and here we ate
our breakfast. We called for boiled
eggs, always kept on hand for pas-
sengers, to supplement our own pro-
vision, and the woman who brought
them to the carriage, after staring at
me for a full minute, turned exclaim-
ing to the fast-gathering crowd,
"Why, it is a woman !" at which
they all crowded about the door to
take a closer view of this curiosity,
very free with their remarks mean-
time, while they watched us eat our
breakfast. One woman after staring
gave a surprised whistle. Well, place
one of them in a New York street car,
I fancy she would excite quite as
great astonishment as did I. They
discolor the lower lip by injecting India
ink, so the lip protrudes and is of a deep
blue color. It is their idea of beauty.
Where we saw men breaking stone for
the road, we saw women and girls gather-
ing and bringing it in baskets from the
plain and thought theirs the harder task.
We met many mouse-colored donkeys
which are marked naturally with a black
cross upon their back and shoulders, re-
calling the legend that it was a mouse-
colored donkey which Jesus rode into
Jerusalem, and therefore, this species has
ever since borne the mark of the cross to
which He went.
Hamath lies in a hollow surrounded by
lovely green, marking the course of the
Orontes River. To look down upon, it
is a beautiful Syrian city. I have seen
no other, except Damascus, which I ad-
mire so much at first sight. As we drive
down the hill we come first to the ceme-
teries, next, to an interesting sight : rock
houses carefully excavated in the solid
rock. A great smooth front with a door
and windows, a yard enclosed by a high
wall all looking neat and comfortable.
The rock is a chalk. The houses are warm
in winter and cool in summer. There are
a thousand such in Hamath, so there must
be between four and five thousand people
I8 9 2.]
ALL ABOARD FOR NORTH SYRLA.
3 2 9
We reach the diligence office at nine
o'clock, and proceed to the preacher's
home, where, although unexpected, the
cordial welcome we receive leaves noth-
ing to be desired. Our tent is pitched
on the roof of the rented house where
services are held.
We find Hamath exceedingly warm
(June 7), thermometer 95 0 and no air
stirring. Our preacher's wife is one of
my first Syrian friends, she having been a
teacher in Tripoli when I came. Mualim
Anise is a courtly gentleman and good
preacher. He is the eldest of a family of
eight, left orphans years ago (his father
was an elder in the church), and he has
filled the place of parents to the others.
One brother is deaf and dumb ; he is very
East from Greenwich.
• •MM 1
' •* i BAHO
, hibeibeh5 3 >
(ZEE II J
Salt el Miles.
8 lb n 20 28 30
clever. He can point out the printed
words "God," "Jesus Christ," and can
pronounce the word " Lord," showing
what would be possible if he had careful
teaching. He is so gentle that all chil-
dren and animals love him.
There is a boys' school here in a hired
building which they have outgrown.
There is no school for girls but the peo-
ple constantly importune to have their
girls taught and we do hope the way may
be clear for opening a school for them
sometime. The preacher's wife visits the
people and although she cannot hold
regularly appointed women's meetings —
they would not dare attend — on the oc-
casions of their visits to her or of her's to
them, they delight in her reading and ex-
plaining of the Bible. They often ask her
to read by the hour, eagerly listening.
Hamath is more uncivilized and Mos-
lem than Hums, because here it is really
unsafe to venture in the streets without
tzar and veil. It is the first time I have
worn them in earnest.
You have heard of the
which raise the water from
the river to the pipes which
supply this city. There
are probably eighty of
these wheels, great and
small, a wonderfully inter-
esting sight which, as well
as the doleful creaking of
their ceaseless round, is
among the never-to-be-
forgottens. The sound is
especially noticeable in the
silent night hours.
This noon, pouring some
water upon my hands from
a pitcher which had been
standing in the sun, it
actually burned them.
Everything hanging on the
wall in the tent was too
hot to touch ; we sleep
there, there being a cool
breeze during the night,
but through the day we re-
main in the rooms below.
Dr. Harris finds many
patients here ; the room is
thronged with lame, halt
and blind, but they are not
so pleasant to treat as
some. Speaking of the un-
pleasant things, I find the
bird's eye view of the in-
terior of the city the best, especially for
the olfactory nerve, for the air is freighted
with odors, not from Araby. We cannot
live with closed windows, but can hardly
endure to have them open.
* See cut, M'omaris ll'ork^ December, 1891.
ALL ABOARD LOR NORTH SYRLA.
BACK TO HUMS.
Instead of one or two weeks in Hamath
as we expected, we find ourselves back in
Hums already. Doctor found a case of
diphtheria just over the wall from our
tent, so we thought best to "fold our
tents like the Arabs and silently steal
away." In reality there was not much
silence about our departure. All the fore-
noon Doctor was busy with the crowd.
Some patients are to come to Hums,
some will go to Tripoli for long treat-
ment, and one we brought with us.
We examined the girls' school to-day.
The Bishop's school has taken most of
the girls ; there were only thirty present
but they acquitted themselves with credit.
Their teacher says she shall not take a
vacation this summer for fear of losing
Yesterday I went again between serv-
ices to hold a women's meeting in the
new part outside the walls. The boys'
teacher walked before us as guard. We
had no trouble going and had a good
meeting, but, returning, I was accom-
panied only by several women and girls.
A crowd of Moslem men and boys began
to follow us, and although the elder wo-
men kept close to me as I hurried on, it
was not the most pleasant situation.
The audible remarks were not reassur-
ing. "What! has it come to this, that
we allow a woman to walk through our
streets uncovered ? " " What is this bas-
ket this woman has placed upon her
head ? "
The village of Feiruzi is one hour's
ride, at a slow pace, from Hums, and a
visit there had been one of the antici-
pated pleasures of this trip, but the Feir-
uzi friends had informed the Doctor that
there was a disease among the cattle from
which they were dying rapidly and, as
their carcasses were simply drawn out
on the plain and left unburied, the air
was very unwholesome, and they thought
he should not make the visit. However,
when we returned from Hamath we were
glad to hear that Government (occasion-
ally guilty of a wise act) had ordered all
the carcasses buried and it would be safe
for us. We went, therefore, and set up
our tent at sunset one afternoon beside
the outer wall. A crowd gathered as
soon as we were seen- — a friendly crowd.
They supplied our wants as to jars of water
and milk, carried off our horses to safe
shelter, and warned us there were thieves
about and we would be safer in the vil-
lage. After being invited to bring all their
sick people to the American doctor the
following day, they left us with good
wishes. By daylight they were back
again, their ailing ones with them. At six
a.m., when Doctor left the tent, he found
a great crowd waiting to whom was
reading and preaching. All day they
thronged. Little daughter feared she
and I would be smothered, the women
and girls crowded about us so, as we read
to them in the shade of the tent, the little
missionary telling Bible stories greatly to
We were invited to visit the priest.
The mud floor had been swept and
sprinkled, and rugs and cushions were
spread for us. A crowd filled, the side of
the room, and after a time spent in con-
versation, all paid attention to the read-
ing of God's Word, exposition and prayer.
We were then taken to the only green
spot in Feiruzi, a " garden " containing
four pear trees, a dozen fig trees and
grape vines. They spread rugs under
the trees and gathered about us again.
The vines were suggestive of a subject,
"The True Vine." Next we were shown
the deep well, the pride and blessing of
the village. Here we saw a boy riding a
horse down the street to hoist the bucket
made of skin, filled with sparkling cold
water. Here again was a chance for a
word about the " Water of Life."
A prayer meeting was held near the
tent in the evening, and it was a sight to
send one to his knees asking God's bless-
ing upon the leaven working in this vil-
lage, so recently without a sign of the
pure gospel of Jesus. The ex-teacher and
the one church member offered earnest
simple prayers and sang several hymns.
Doctor asked the one member how
many there were convinced of the truth.
He replied, " as many as twenty who
would, like Nicodemus, come to Jesus by
night, and six who are ready to come now
boldly." We have great hopes of this
place and anticipate its becoming a second
Minyara and Amar. May God send His
Spirit in abundant measure !
We visited a Bedouin encampment and,
later, the Sheikh brought his girlish bride
to our tent. I wish I had her picture to
send you ; she was dressed in dark blue
cotton clothing, large, ungainly boots,
her arms, hands and face profusely tat-
toed, an abundance of bracelets, ear-rings,
ALL ABOARD FOR NORTH SYRLA.
and a nose-ring with a blue stone in it.
Their ostensible errand was to consult
Doctor on her account, but when he could
find nothing the matter with her and told
her he believed she was well, she burst
out laughing (although moaning a few
minutes before), and finally arose with
alacrity, drew on her boots which she
had removed before seating herself on
the rug, and merrily started home. I
thought it was only an excuse to see the
inside of a Frank tent, but Doctor has
had more experience and said she was
consulting, having the chance, for a long-
We return for one more day in Hums.
If I should tell the unpleasant things of
this trip you might pardon us for thinking
longingly of the pleasant home in Tripoli.
Shall I ? The scorching air full of crea-
tures with wings and stings, floors alive
with fleas, walls and ceiling inhabited by
other unpleasant creatures of appetite.
I made my first personal acquaintance
with the Pcdiculus tabescentium.
HUMS AGAIN AND THE START FOR
In Hums we miss the sound of the
church bells. When the new Greek
Bishop came, about four years ago, he
brought with him a bell for his church,
but the first time it was rung the Moslem
soldiers went to order its removal. The
sound of a church bell had not been heard
in over eleven hundred years and " by the
beard of the Prophet " it should never be
again. The Bishop, realizing all that this
restriction meant, spent the following-
three days fasting and secluded. Instead
of the vesper chime, we hear the muezzin.
How long, oh ! Lord, how long?
On Saturday morning, June 18, we rose
before the birds and secured the same
diligence seats as before. There was but
one other outside passenger, a pleasant
Turkish lady. I wish I had counted the
cigarettes she smoked during the twelve
hours' ride. She acknowledged using
over half a pound of tobacco daily.
We stopped to lunch where the black
SALUTATION FROM ONE OF THE MISSIONARIES. [December,
man overtook his runaway wife,* who, we
learned, has not returned to him.
We had a delightful ride in the cool
of the guard's horn, we dashed into the
yard of the diligence company (a little
north of Tripoli), alighted just in time
to get the horse cars, and
during the next forty min-
utes forgot fatigue in the
pleasure of a cordial welcome
home all along the way.
Alice L. E. Harris.
THE MIS-ION HOUSE RENTED
air, and two hours from Tripoli
were able to get some delicious
apricots which we enjoyed, with
the sea air, the view of the beauti-
ful blue Mediterranean again, and
far away the Meena (port) of
Tripoli jutting into the sea. With
a grand flourish and a joyful peal
ROCK HOUSES OF PROTESTANTS IN THE HILLSIDE ABOVE HAMATH.
THE DEBRIS FROM THE EXCAVATION MAKES THE ENCLOS-
ING WALLS. EACH DOOR IS ENTRANCE TO A
SE1ARATE HOUSE OF ONE ROOM.
SALUTATION FROM ONE OF THE SENIOR MISSIONARIES.
I am sitting upon the roof of our sum-
mer house on Mt. Lebanon. The plain,
the sea, the goodly mountain in all their
grandeur are before me, but they cannot
hold my thoughts here. I am not here
but I am once more where I was a year
ago to-day, standing upon the deck of
The City of Berlin. I am one of the little
company gathered there to whom I am to
say farewell — son, daughters, grandson.
I see again the father hold up the little
boy for the last kiss and hear him say, " I
brought him hoping that he may remem-
ber his grand-parents." We were about
to leave our native land for the fourth
time. November '51, August '63, October
'73, now, August '91 : a series of depart-
ures, each one involving separations more
painful, partings more trying, than the
previous one. Does one become " accus-
tomed " to such scenes ? Never.
I hear again the steamer's warning bell ;
it says, all must leave. We are left alone
as we went first from our native land, my
husband and I. No regrets, but joy in
this sacrifice for Him who left His home
in glory for us.
Twelve months have passed since then.
Our home in Beirut has not seemed like
our home — not one of our five children
with us ; but we have not been cast down,
but cheerful and looking forward — when
days of preparation for future work are
over — to the return of two daughters and,
their furlough ended, for the son and his
family from America. It is a great com-
fort, as inquiry is made for one after
another of our absent ones, to hear the
oft-repeated response to our reply " God
bring them in peace."
There have been bright spots in these
months of loneliness. Two short visits
from our daughter, Mr. Hoskins, and the
little grand-daughter have been refresh-
ing and enlivening.
Then the weekly letters ! Those accus-
tomed to many daily deliveries at the
house door may not consider a weekly
post a cause for thankfulness, but we
watched for it from America with eager
interest. Regularly as the arrival of the
steamer, has news come with fresh occa-
sions for thanksgiving only. Forty years
ago, our parents were able to hear from
us once in six weeks. No Atlantic Cable
then to transmit messages.
I would not be unmindful of the kind
and loving sympathy shown us by Chris-
tian friends. Our Syrian friends have
been very thoughtful, endearing them-
selves more than ever, if possible, to us.
I have been able to comfort others " with
See Woman's Work, Nov., p. 306.
ZAHIL, AGED EIGHTEEN MONTHS.
the comfort wherewith I have been com-
forted " as children have been leaving
home for America, and this new exper-
ience of bereavement has made many a
mother's heart ache.
Living over the months of our late
visit in America, it has been a source of
great pleasure to recall by name the
friends we met, the homes to which we
were welcomed, the gatherings of Chris-
tian sisters. We are glad we were per-
mitted to go. We want to go again more
than ever. To many of these friends I
have strongly desired to write, but I have
been forbidden to use my eyes. I have
violated this prohibition only to write to
absent children. My warm salutations
to one and all whom I have the privilege
of claiming as friends. I prize their letters.
I prize their prayers. I know their
works and labor of love for Christ, and I
esteem them highly, but I cannot tell
them so, except in these few lines, as they
find a place in our mutual magazine.
Loving messages to each one from
H. M. Condit Eddy.
ZAHIL, AGED EIGHTEEN MONTHS.
The doctor covered with red calico, and into this the
little red pillow was placed for baby
Zahil's head. The tiny form was then
wrapped in white muslin and laid inside
the coffin to which there was no end
piece — just a bit of the calico hanging
down from the cover and hiding the little
feet. They carried it out, the church
bell tolling, priests chanting, the father
and relatives weeping aloud, down to the
church hard by, where a long service was
held, after which they proceeded to the
place of burial, a vault in which an
opening had been made for the little
coffin to be dropped through. There
were no last words of hope or comfort
over a grave flower-wreathed ; there was
no looking up and on to the time when
" the dead shall rise incorruptible." It
was, in truth, " earth to earth, ashes to
ashes, dust to dust," to those ignorant
The mother, whom custom did not
permit to attend the funeral, could only
cry, " Zahil, Zahil, my child, my child,"
as she watched the procession pass along
to the burying. She knew nothing of
meeting her baby by-and-by, and one
who knew, told her what to do that she
might meet him at last. But she loved
sin too well, loved to quarrel and swear
and have her own way too thoroughly to
let the words sink into her heart, and the
moment passed when God was near and
she might have found the Comforter.
Alas! Jesus of Nazareth has "passed
by." Will He ever return and knock
for admittance at that heart's door ? He
Little Zahil was dyin_
had said he could live but a few hours.
Poor little baby ! He had made a brave
fight for life, but the measles and filth
and neglect had proved too much for the
frail little body, and he had at last ceased
to moan those piteous moans, and with
the sweet little mouth drawn and white,
was slipping away into the arms of hover-
ing angels. Ere long the last sobbing
breath was drawn, the little limbs lay
straightened and fast growing cold, and
— " Zahil is dead " was the cry.
It was night, and by the light of the
tall brass lamp the tiny form was arrayed
in a black velvet robe, gay with large
white buttons and red cotton lace, and
placed on a little bed on the floor with
the head on a small red pillow. Then
the mother, poor, ignorant Im Najeeb,
and Khudra, the married sister, with Rahil,
the little sister, seated themselves around
this tiny bed of death, weeping, wailing,
beating their breasts and making much
ado. Sympathizing neighbors and friends
came in and they too crouched near,
wailing also, while now and then a young
widow who had recently lost two brothers,
young men, would break into a chant,
praising the dead, her own and the little
form before her, which called forth
louder and sharper cries.
As the evening wore on the neighbors
silently withdrew, leaving Im Najeeb alone
with a relative or two beside her dead
baby. All night she sat there, until the
first faint streaks of morning showed over
Jebel Fughry, and with the return of
friends and neighbors the wailing began
afresh. About seven a. m., there was
brought in a tiny coffin, coarse and rough,
Duma, Mt. Lebanon,
M. C. Holmes.
October 6, 1892.
While the Turkish government is more chilly than ever towards our schools in
Syria, applications -of students are correspondingly increased. Fall term opened
in Tripoli, October 11.
A LITTLE CORNER OF THE EARTH.
I have been spending my first month
of vacation up here in Suk el Ghurb, one
of the chain of mountain villages over-
looking the city and plain of Beirut.*
The view is a beautiful one ; a carriage
road or two winding down the mountains
to the plain below, which is covered with
extensive olive groves and stretches of
mulberry trees and pines ; wastes of
sand near the shore and, if the wind be
from the west, a fringe of white breakers
on the beach toward Sidon. On the
north side of the far-reaching point lie
steamers and sailing vessels at anchor near
the stili uncompleted breakwater, and the
quarantine harbor is filled with light craft
from Acre, Haifa, Tyre and Sidon, for
cholera still prevails at the first-named
city. At Ras Beirut the college build-
ings and the light-house stand out prom-
inently and beyond lies the "great and
wide sea" with its varying tints.
But it is not of Beirut I wish to write,
but rather of a tiny village in a nook in
the mountains not far from the Suk. All
the families there belong to the Metawaly
sect, the branch of the Moslems so
prominent in Persia. I walked there the
other morning to pay a visit to an Eng-
lish lady living in the place, my compan-
ion being a graduate of Beirut Seminary,
a sweet girl who is to be married to one
of the Zahleh teachers next week. She
and her sisters tried holding women's
meetings at this village, but owing to the
opposition of the sheikh and their own
indifference the women soon ceased to
attend. Then the men, recognizing that
the children in the villages round about
them (they are in the Abeih field) were
learning to read while their children
were running wild, expressed a wish to
have a school, and Miss W. went there
and, with some outside help, I don't
know how much, hired a teacher and
opened a girls' school in which she helps.
The boys can attend school in the Suk.
We first paid a visit to her and had an
* See frontispiece.
interesting talk about her life in Singa-
pore, where she was a missionary for a
number of years till her health broke
down. Afterward she was in India for a
while and for several years she has been
in Syria, living in a humble way and do-
ing what she can to help others. Surely
her bright Christian spirit in the midst of
many trials and much loneliness must be
a means of grace to all who know her.
We were delighted with the little
school, small in numbers (there were only
about twenty pupils, including two or
three boys) and small as regards the size
of those twenty. Such little tots as
some of them were ! and how their faces
brightened and their black eyes shone
as we stepped in and spoke to them !
Though the school had been open but six
months, a number were reading in the
New Testament and even the smallest
were learning something. The teacher
said they were so eager to study that
even at recess they would recite their
lessons to each other instead of playing.
One little girl read for us and the
teacher tried to make a little boy tell
who was the first man and who the first
woman. As is usual in such cases, nearly
all but the small victim could give the
correct answers, but the unusual occur-
rence of reciting before visitors deprived
him of memory and utterance. They
sang a hymn for us and I came away de-
lighted with the enthusiasm of teacher
and pupils and the general brightness of
the place. Possibly, and I speak in all
modesty, the enthusiasm of the two vis-
itors reacted on the pupils.
I like to visit these humble village
schools and especially enjoyed this one
because, as I said, it consisted entirely of
Metawaly children whose love and rever-
ence for Christ are no more than what
they have for Abraham and Moses until
they are taught in such schools as these.
Charlotte H. Brown.
Mt. Lebanon, August 8, 1892.
The pleasant relations within the San
Paulo school as well as its grade socially,
were illustrated on the occasion of Miss
Williamson's birthday, when a young
Brazilian teacher insisted on taking her
duties and giving her the day free, and
the teachers combined in presenting her
a beautiful pin made in Minas, the
patriotic centre of their country.
Although the tuition fee in this school
was raised last year, it had no influence
to reduce the numbers.
Mrs. H. H. Jessup, of Beirut, wrote from Aaleih,
in the Labanon, Sept. 30 :
This summer some of our missionary
circle have proposed a prayer union among ourselves
to make a special request for the outpouring of
God's Spirit, and the reviving of His work in this
land. The subiect has lain heavily upon all our
hearts for a year past, but no specific time has been
set apart for such prayer until this summer, when
it was proposed that we should unite at the hour of
noon. I think that we all feel the need of this
reviving in our own hearts and we see the need of
it in the churches, which are in some instances
yielding to unholy contentions and divisions, and
it certainly is necessary in reaching the hearts and
consciences of those who are still in darkness.
The difficulties attending the work here are greatly
increased by the uncontrollable desire on the part of
all classes to go to America. Some of the best
teachers, even preachers ; the brightest scholars in
both boys' and girls' schools, not to speak of multi-
tudes of the uneducated, are crazed by the prevailing
idea that by going to America they will make their
fortunes. There will undoubtedly be a reaction
after the Chicago Exposition, and I fear it will be
a sad awakening on the part of many to a reality of
loss and failure and misery. We can only pray that
God will over-rule these events to His own glory,
and to the future good of this people.
Mrs. Iddings wrote with reference to the new
church which was dedicated last February :
We were only enabled to complete our church for
occupation, by the free generous gifts of many
citizens of Guatemala. Four gentlemen gave fifty
dollars each, and three others thirty-five dollars,
which furnished lamps, chairs, a small table, and a
carpet for the rostrum, and matting for the aisles.
We now have a nice, large, cool, pleasant church,
appreciated by all classes.
We had our first communion in April, the first
our people had ever seen, though we now have it
every three months. Next, we instituted Tuesday
night lectures, Mr. Haymaker and Mr. Iddings
taking turns. They choose subjects which are
calculated to elevate the people and instruct them
about other countries, religions, and peoples. The
Spaniard, in general, is contented to remain where
he is, and when they wont read for themselves, we,
who have had greater opportunities, must do what
little we can for them.
THE SHOW WINDOW A GREAT SUCCESS.
A building in which to operate the mission print-
ing press has been completed on the lot adjoining the
church. The front of the lower story has been
partitioned off for a small shop in which to sell
Bibles, tracts, and other religious books. It is
built with a large show window in which we have a
great many Bibles, open at different passages, while
papers, tracts, and texts are in abundance. Often
there are half a dozen people standing and reading
before that window ; as a result we have sold many
Bibles, even those costing three or four dollars.
The number of tracts distributed is marvelous ; we
have five services a week, and distribute at each
service. When the streets are filled with people it
keeps us busy handing them out. Easter week we
gave out between 30,000 and 40,000 printed pages,
and on Holy Friday, as a procession was passing
the church, the boys and men carrying the images
dropped them in the street and flocked to the door
to receive tracts, until the priests, calling them, hur-
ried the procession onward. Since then they are not
so particular to pass our church with their parades.
Mr. Haymaker and his family leave next month
for the United States for a year's vacation ; then Mr.
Iddings will have double work to perform, and I
shall miss them very much, as I have few friends
among the foreigners. But a year, when we are
busy, will soon pass.
EIGHT CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR BOYS.
Rev. S. L. Ward wrote from Teheran, Sep-
tember 4 :
The cholera has come in to stop all our regular
work. This is the fourth Sunday that we have been
without service, save a few of our own household
and the schools. We are now past the ' ' valley of
the dark shadow." Some 20,000 Persians have
probably passed into eternity from Teheran and
summer places on the mountain side near.
We have received into the hospital seventy per-
sons, and eight boys from our school have done
most of the nursing, while hearts of others on all
sides were failing them. They have covered them-
selves with honor. It remains to be seen if with
glory also. All the eight are Christian Endeavorers,
and their religion has been to them a comfort and
stay. Save three persons — two Englishmen and a
Fire Worshiper — all the efforts made for the relief of
cholera in this city have been in connection with our
mission. The whole corps of nurses and doctors
are volunteers, and expenses to the amount of one
thousand tomans have been met by European resi-
At the summer places there were deaths in the
houses and gardens adjoining ours, but it has " not
come nigh us. " At the hospital one of the guards died ;
otherwise there has been no loss of our force. One
employe, and children of others, have had the dis-
ease and recovered. There is now but little cholera
left, while on one day the deaths amounted probably
to one thousand. The missionaries and our helpers
have personally seen more than five hundred per-
sons and given medicine to one thousand more, at a
low estimate. Most of the Europeans attacked
have died, probably because of intemperate habits.
The opening of school will probably be delayed
until October 1, as there is much typhoid and
typhus fever in the city.
THE CURIOSITY OF VISITORS.
Dr. Jessie Wilson wrote from Hamadan
August 25 :
This morning Miss Leinbach and I resolved that
we would devote the forenoon to writing letters, so
we brought a Persian rug and spread it under some
weeping willow trees and, with our writing materials,
were prepared to devote a few happy hours to our
dear friends on the other side of the Atlantic. But,
alas ! We were hardly seated when seven Persian
women gathered around us and, seating themselves
on the ground in a semi-circle, began to tamos ha
the Frangees. I tried to think, to talk, to listen, to
write, all at the same time. The result was a
spoiled sheet of paper and a feeling of despair.
They examined my dress, discussed its texture,
style, probable cost, and asked where I bought it.
Next they discovered some hair pins and, pulling
them out, commented on them. They greatly de-
sired me to take my hair down so they could see
how long it was. The Persian women have long
hair and beautiful, only it is rather coarse, and
many times spoiled by being dyed with henna.
At last, the visitors inquired if my learning ex-
tended to reading Persian. Miss Leinbach ran up-
stairs and brought a Testament. Not a word was
spoken as I read, except as they commented upon
some of the passages. I read about the living water,
and I had no sooner finished than they requested
"More, more!" I read the third chapter of John
and a discussion arose among them about Christ's
resurrection. I explained to them, but, concluding
that they would understand the plain words of the
Gospel better than anything I could say, I read the
last chapter of Matthew and, after talking a little,
told them I must continue my writing. Three went
away, but the other four remained to see me write,
and it is almost impossible to keep them from tak-
ing the pen into their own hands.
AWAITING THE CHOLERA.
I am spending a week with Mrs. Hawkes, Miss
Charlotte Montgomery and Miss Leinbach, at a gar-
den a mile and a half from the city. I concluded to
take one full week's rest and leave my medical work
entirely and in this way prepare for the greater
duties which are so unmistakably before me. Mrs.
Hawkes and I expect to continue dispensary work
next week, unless cholera is so bad that we make
It looks as though our hands might be full soon.
Isolated cases are now occurring which are said to be
genuine cholera, so that the outbreak cannot be long
delayed. Before this letter reaches you the telegraph
will probably have conveyed the news of its raging
here. Our city is so filthy and the Persians eat so
mucli fruit — watermelons, muskmelons, cucumbers,
grapes, etc. — that it would be a miracle if disease
did not break out among them. Added to this, a
multitude of people are coming in from Teheran,
Tabriz and neighboring villages where cholera is
raging. Every one who comes adds to the danger,
especially when we know that their companions have
died and been buried on the way.
The Armenians say that they left their meals
cooking and hurried from Teheran. They left a
man dying alone, in one of their houses. Every-
body, now, who can get out, is rushing pell-mell
from Hamadan. Do you ask if we are frightened?
Our stay is in the ninety-first Psalm. It seems as if
that was especially written for cholera times. I
think the missionaries have very little fear. I am
only waiting to do the work which we are so soon to
expect. Each night we gather in our little room
and spend half an hour in prayer for those who are
so nobly facing the danger and relieving suffering.
We are thankful for each day that the dread disease
is held in check. I have seen many cases of dysen-
tery, but not cholera. One woman to whom I was
called, who was ill with dysentery, had been taking
a Jewish doctor's prescription. He gave her small
pills of the yellow of an egg, one to be taken even-
hour. She was to take sour, thick milk as nourish-
ment and to have a pan filled with plaster and water
placed under her nose. The woman died.
Mrs. Arthur H. Ewing, whose husband has
charge of the Boys' School at Lodiana, wrote from
there Aug. 2 :
We have become very much attached to the school.
Last year everything was so new, it seemed a great
undertaking, and we were sometimes rather discour-
aged ; but as we get accustomed to it and better
acquainted with our boys, the pleasure far overbal-
ances the trials and we would now be very sorry to
have to give it up. We have gotten in some very
fine boys. One drawback has been a rather incom-
petent head-master, but my husband is getting a
new man for next year, not only a good master but
an earnest Christian.
Mr. Ewing performed his first baptismal service
last February. He then baptized a young Moham-
medan. He baptized another young man Sunday
night who has been in school several weeks, and
been given special Christian teaching.
PRINCIPLE ON WHICH THE SCHOOL IS MADE UP.
It is not our custom to take any boy unless he has
either made a public confession of faith or is the son
of Christian parents, or has been given to some
missionary and received Christian training. In this
case my husband agreed to make an exception.
The boy had been taken from a heathen home and
was the special charge of a lady missionary.
It may seem to you hardly a right rule to exclude
heathen boys, but as it is known as the "Christian
boys' boarding school," we cannot have it otherwise.
Aside from our school, Mr. Ewing and I started
an effort among heathen boys this spring. There
had been for several months an attempt to have a
Sunday-school for them in the City Mission School,
which is for heathen boys. It was put in charge of a
Native Christian., but had been rather a drag, so Mr.
Ewing decided to look after it. I was able to go
only a few Sundays, and the only part I could take
was to play the organ, but it was such an interesting
work. We sometimes had as many as 200 boys and
men. They were divided off into classes and we
had six or eight of our boys from the Boarding-
School to teach them, besides two or three men from
the Christian village.
BOTH SEED TIME AND HARVEST.
Mrs. Murray wrote from Chinanfu (the first
letter we have had from there in a long time),
on July 21 :
One morning I started on a small wheelbarrow
with a Christian woman to visit her home, two miles
and more away. The morning was clear and beau-
tiful and I quite enjoyed our ride through the green
wheat fields, but our return was different. I was
taking my dinner with some of the women upon the
kang, when suddenly the room seemed getting dark.
On looking out of the door I saw a heavy storm
was upon us and the food had a strong flavor of sand.
I spent the afternoon with the family. There are
three Christians in this home and some inquirers.
We had a meeting, sang hymns and heard their
lessons. About 5 P.M. I said, "I must be going."
"But you cannot see the road," they all said. Not-
withstanding their strong invitations, I thought it
best to turn my face toward the village where my
husband and little boy were waiting for me. We
had a strong, cold head-wind to face, and the man
said he could not manage to push the barrow, so, as
I was cold and needed exercise after being in these
courts all winter, I suggested walking, if he could
push it along with only Mrs. Li upon it. I jumped
off, and in my heart was grateful that I was born in
a Christian land and did not have compressed feet.
On this trip I accompanied Mr. Murray to six dif-
ferent stations, five of them where examinations of
applicants for baptism were held and the Lord's
Supper administered. Nineteen were admitted
to the Church. I found Mrs. Wang (from the
Chefoo girls' school) doing good work.
We came home April 28 and in four days started
to another district northeast of this city. At the
communion service there, seven were baptized and
promised to bear witness for Jesus in their heathen
homes. They were all women of families, and with
heathen husbands. They are all weak, but in
prayer we commit them to Him whom, in a feeble
way, they are endeavoring to serve.
From this place Mrs. Li, Jamie and I went to
another village and spent a week in a Christian
family that kindly opened a room, just built, to the
women who came to study daily. They were per-
sons who had been attending Sabbath services and
were already somewhat interested. On some days
there were fifteen, at other times ten or twelve
During the spring, Mr. Murray received TlURTY-
ONE into the church and we trust that after years of
seed-sowing this is only the beginning of a richer
and greater harvest. There is a wide open door in
many, many homes, but how few of us to enter ! I
find women who seem anxious to know of a better
way and admit that what they have followed does not
satisfy them. There are also very many who are
indifferent to everything except making something
"to pass over the days," and others who are serv-
ants to their mothers-in-law and dare not come
to hear the Gospel message. So we meet things
both to cheer and to discourage.
The dispensary and hospital on the property in
the east suburb is ready to open soon ; it is a beau-
tiful location. This is our very trying season, very
hot in these small courts, but we are in good health
and at our usual duties. Mr. Murray has some of
the helpers in the city for two months' study and
Dr. Van Schoick has his hands more than full with
Mrs. Groves wrote from Tungchow, August 29 :
Eleven months ago to-day my husband and I
reached Tungchow and in a few hours took our
first lesson in Chinese. Since then almost our only
work has been the study of the language and oh,
how hard it is !
Mr. Groves and I have studied together from the
first and find we can help each other very much and
we do not both get down-hearted at the same time.
I thought I had studied hard when I finished my
course at school, but that was easy compared to
Chinese. Still, all this hard study is pleasant in
view of the great object. Day by day we see things
about us that we could do if we could only talk and
so relieve those who are working too hard, or we see
some poor soul who has never heard of Christ ; but
our tongues are tied. These and many other things
urge us to study as hard as we can.
We are living in Dr. Mateer's house ; have been
boarding with Mrs. Ritchie who came out three
years ago and is bravely staying on alone and doing
work in the school as her husband intended to do.
A month ago I took charge of the house and Mrs.
Ritchie is now boarding with us. My lack of ex-
perience and limited knowledge of Chinese brings
about some funny occurrences, but nothing but time
will remedy these.
The school was to open to-day, but heavy rains
have detained the boys and not more than one-third
have returned. Last term I had two classes in
music ; only learning to read by note and to sing a
little. This term I shall add a class in arithmetic.
That seems easy, but it will be hard with my small
amount of Chinese.
Mr. Groves expects to start this week for a seven
weeks' trip to the country with Dr. Corbett, of
Chefoo; not that he can give Dr. Corbett much
help, but to learn more of the outside work himself
and see Dr. Corbett's methods. He will take a class
in New Testament History and one in Manual
Training when he returns.
We who are in school do not seem to be doing so
much mission work as those who itinerate, yet this
also is very important and we need the prayers of
friends at home. Remember me, now that I am
AN OBJECT LESSON.
Mrs. Dodd wrote from Lampoon (formerly
spelled Lapoon) several months since :
We are now living in our new house and our tem-
porary residence is used for the school. We have
only a memory of what the place was like when Mr.
Dodd came down, it has so completely changed. I
have roses and geraniums ready to set out about the
new house and hope it will soon look as homelike
outside as it does inside. We want to make our
home a lesson to the people who come daily to see
it and wonder over it. Nothing at all like it has ever
been seen in Lampoon.
About half my time is spent in entertaining these
people, who are mostly strangers to me, women
from the princes' places over in the city. Their
only motive seems to be curiosity, but we almost al-
ways give them something of the Gospel. They
say "it is good," and if they come often they may
understand it. The seed is sown and we can leave
the rest to the Lord of the harvest. He has already
given us more souls than we can well care for.
Seventeen villages are represented in the churches,
some of them nearly a day's journey to the south of us.
Mr. Dodd goes out nearly every Sabbath after-
noon to hold service in some village, returning, if
it is not too far, for service here in the evening. At
the farther villages he spends a night, eating and
sleeping with the people. I go with him when I
can. Last Sabbath he baptized eight adults and
seven children. The people right around us are
given up to gambling and merit- making.
The Governor of the province and a prince of
lower rank both died since we came here and their
bodies have been lying for months waiting prepara-
tion for their cremation. The fact that no real Gov-
ernor has been appointed, makes the community
unsettled and rather lawless. The prince who is at
the head of affairs at present is very friendly. He
calls Mr. Dodd his nephew, asks him to help govern
the country, to arrest rowdies and bring them to him
and he will put them in chains. But, you know, we
came here to teach, not to rule, and we are anxious,
as far as possible, to " live peaceably with all men."
It will be so good when we have Laos books that
we can give these people, both in the church and
out of it. There is some one in nearly every family
who can already read Laos, but all have to learn
Siamese before they can read the Scriptures in it.
Miss Annabel Galt wrote from Petchaburee
July 26 :
The first of July was Dominion Day, and Dr. Toy
showed his patriotism by firing guns and floating the
Canadian flag. On the Fourth we took dinner at
Mrs. McClure's. In our noon prayer-meeting we
remembered our country especially, and the Colum-
bian Exposition in the matter of Sabbath keeping
and the sale of liquors.
Col. Boyd, our U. S. Consul, and much beloved
by the missionaries, was thought to be at the point
of death for some time, but he has now started for
home and left Mr. Eaton as temporary consul.
Slowly the duties fall upon us. We have been
having charge of the sewing class lately, not an
arduous task at all. Until June we were taking our
meals at Mrs. McClure's ; then we thought we could
go to housekeeping on our own account It was
very pleasant to meet there, three times a day.
PROGRAMME FOR MISSIONARY MEETING.— January, iSgj.
This programme is intended to be suggestive and adaptive rather than formal.
January is a Social Month, a Family Month, a Giving Month, an Adjusting
Month, and a Planning Month. Combine all or as many of these features as possible.
1. The Social feature. — Invite the congregation. Impress it with the fact
that the Foreign Missionary Society is an important part of the organized work of
the Church. Solicit memberships: — this is one of the most important of all the
lines of growth. Who can estimate the possibilities of even one new member ?
Close with music, light refreshments and a social hour.
2. The Family feature. — Make it a Union Meeting of Auxiliaries and
Bands. Give the young people and children a part in the exercises. Let them
write and distribute invitations and wait upon the guests.
As this is the month for the General Summary, under the leadership of some
wise Queen Bee, let the young people be the honey bees to gather and bring the
sweet trophies of the year's work, thus introducing us to the great Missionary Family
and their fields, that they may be prayed for. Let each auxiliary give special prom-
inence to its own missionaries. Have their photographs, and fresh letters from them.
3. Adjusting. — See that your treasurer is able to present a clean balance sheet,
all arrearages paid.
4. Giving. — Bring an offering. Let your full cup run over. Many little
streams would go far toward making up the deficits of last year.
5. Planning. — Give ten minutes for Plans and Suggestions, or have an essay
bearing upon the subject, followed by discussion.
Scripture Reading. — Matt. 7:7-12, also Luke 17:5, 6.
Let the hymns be full of joy and gladness — uplifting.
A Prayer of Thanksgiving at the beginning, and a Prayer of Consecration at the
A few minutes might be given for selections of missionary mottoes or watch-
words in connection with the Scripture reading.
Subjects for Papers or Talks from which selections may be made.
FOR OLDER PEOPLE.
Loyalty to our Boards and Literature.
Elements of a Successful Missionary Society.
America as a Factor in the Conversion of the World.
Lessons Learned from '92.
Special Work for '93.
What Do We Lack ?
SUBJECTS FOR BANDS.
Special Work for '93. (See Children's Work for
Children, July, also Reports of Occidental
Apostolic Christian Endeavor.
The Five Fingers of the Missionary Hand. (This
might be given to five, one taking Medical Mis-
sions, another Educational, etc.)
The Carey Centennial.
Child Life in Heathen Lands.
THE TORONTO WOMEN'S FOREIGN MISSION MEETING.
This meeting held at Toronto at the
time the Pan-Presbyterian Council met,
was of such deep and stirring interest
that mention of it in Woman's Work will
not, we trust, be out of place although
necessarily a little tardy.
The meeting was organized by the
"Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of
the Presbyterian Church in Canada "
(Western Division). Delegates were
cordially invited from all sister societies
of the Presbyterian Church. A courteous,
elegant and warm-hearted hospitality
welcomed them. A careful programme
for the meetings had been arranged and
Mrs. Ewart, the revered president of the
Canada society, presided with gentle
dignity. Missionary women from differ-
34© TORONTO WOMEN'S FOREIGN MISSION MEETING. [December,
ent parts of India, from Africa, the New
Hebrides and Syria took part in the exer-
cises, and told to sympathetic hearts the
ever pitiful story of woman's woe and
need where Christianity does not exert
controlling power. Much information was
given by delegates from societies in Great
Britain and the United States. Miss Dav-
idson of Edinburgh described the work-
ings of the Training School for Christian
Workers with which she is connected.
Good reports were read indicating
marked progress in the efficiency of
societies at home, so essential to the sus-
tenance and development of the work
abroad. There are over twenty such
Women's Societies connected with the
Presbyterian Church. That of Canada
(Western Division) has an honorable
record. Organized in 1872 and encount-
ering peculiar difficulties, it has, still,
never taken a step backward. Without
the incentive which "Special Objects"
are supposed to give, it has reached a mem-
bership of 17,000, and its contributions
were, the past year, $39,000. Some of us
know well what an intelligent and devoted
band of sister workers we have, just over
our northern line. Their sympathy with
us is strong and many generous words
were said both by them and by those
from Great Britain in reference to sug-
gestions and help received from older
societies in the United States. One
Canadian lady of high intelligence and
position spoke of her enjoyment of our
Woman s Work, The Church at Home and
Abroad, and The Missionary Review of the
World, and added, " I know the names of
your missionaries almost as well as I do
those of our own."
Mrs. Cunningham, a Vice-President of
the Philadelphia Society, interested all as
she told of the infant days of that society
which now embraces one hundred Pres-
The enthusiasm of the very large
audiences did not wane during three pro-
Mrs. Laws of Livingstonia, Africa, said,
as she stepped forward on the platform
and met the gaze of the throng of eager
and sympathetic faces : " My friends, not
since I had the African fever have my
limbs trembled as they have here. You
ask us for pictures to make real to you
the scenes about us. / shall take this
picture back with me to Africa and there it
will inspire me as I remember this day."
At the concluding session Mrs. Blaikie
of Edinburgh made the suggestion that
an International Woman's Foreign Mission
Society should be formed, and hold meet-
ings regularly in connection with the
Pan-Presbyterian Councils. The plan
was to appoint a President and General
Secretary and that each Woman's Board
should choose, besides, a Secretary of its
own, who should act as a medium of
communication with the General Secre-
tary, and that these, together with the
President, should form a Committee of
Arrangements for the meetings to be held
once in four years ; also to arrange for
an interchange of magazines published by
the various Women's Societies, in order
to a friendly intercourse and knowledge
of each other's work. These proposals
were warmly received and Mrs. Blaikie
was chosen President and Mrs. Mathews
of London, General Secretary. The
appointment of Secretaries by each of the
Woman's Boards is now invited. It shall
be their province to communicate with
Mrs. Mathews in order to effect an ex-
change of literature.
Mrs. Blaikie's kind, motherly face, lov-
ing spirit and pleasant Scotch accent
elicited an intent and sympathetic hearing.
Just before the close of the meetings
which had been so inspiring, she addressed
all in words of gentle counsel and encour-
agement. Her theme was " Behold, I
will make all things new." After dwell-
ing upon the glorious " renewal " for
which we are all laboring, she reminded
us in referring to the obstacles we meet,
who it is that is working with us. " Be-
hold, / will make all things new." So,
with this assurance of Divine strength
and co-operation, we bowed in prayer and
sang our parting song, " God be with you
till we meet again." Then followed affec-
tionate good-byes between those who a
few days before had never met and who
now are parted by leagues of land and
sea, but are carrying the memory of
Christian fellowship which will find its
renewal and perfection " farther on."
Mary Pinneo Dennis.
The Presbyterial President of Dayton, Ohio, sent out a circular letter recom-
mending the " Passover Offerings," suggested some time ago, and that the meeting
during the Week of Prayer in January would be a favorable occasion for presenting
I8 9 2.]
Peter held the notion that because he
was a Jew he ought not to come unto
one of another nation to bind up his
heart-wounds, even if he saw him naked
and half dead. The very heavens must
open and three times bring to earth a
proof, before doubting Peter understood
the full meaning of the words, "Go
ye, and preach the gospel to every
creature, and call no man for whom I
bled on Calvary either common or un-
© © ©
Whatever notion Dives may have had
this side the grave as to the value of
Foreign Missions, he awoke in eternity to
plead that a missionary might be sent the
long journey from heaven to earth, that
his brethren might repent.
© © ©
" I do not believe in Foreign Missions,"
said a young woman, three years ago, at
the home where I was entertained during
the meeting of the Woman's Board,- in
the West. I had made a long pilgrimage
to keep that yearly feast. There were
men and women there from Africa, Syria,
Siam, India, Japan, China, — men and
women who had hazarded their lives for
the name of our Lord Jesus — but here
was a cultured woman, in every other way
abreast of the times, who did not attend
one session of that glorious meeting, and
cherished the notion that the money
expended on foreign missions was wasted.
© © ©
"To what purpose is this waste "? ex-
claimed the disciples of Jesus, as the
odour of Mary's ointment filled the house.
" Why was it not sold and given to the
poor " ? asked he who should betray his
Lord for thirty pieces of silver. No
doubt there was the same indignant
protest against waste of nails, gopher-
wood, and pitch, when Noah fashioned
the ark three stories high, as God com-
Strange that we do not exclaim "Why
this waste ! " when we consider what
God's kindness has lavished upon this
world. There might have been the
heart's unrest, but no peace, except such
as the world could give. There might
have been the story of the Prodigal Son,
feeling he had sinned against his father's
love, but no kiss of forgiveness to efface
his unworthy past. There might have
been the sheep-fold, but no door by
which to enter ; many mansions in the
Father's house, but no one to tell us so,
or prepare a place for us. There might
have been the Great Adversary of our
souls, but no angel with the key to the
bottomless pit. There might have been
the wrath of the Lamb, but no Lamb's Book
Laura M. Gcmmill.
SENSIBLE INSTRUCTIONS TO YOUNG MISSIONARIES.
The instructions which are given to
outgoing missionaries by our English and
Scotch brethren are apt to be more
pointed and definite, on public occasions,
than is common in this country. The
following passages may be taken as an
illustration. They constitute a part of
the instructions read at a Valedictory
Meeting of the Church of England Ze-
nana Society, and are quoted from Lndia's
" You, Miss Iliff, are sent in response to Miss
West's earnest appeal for a helper in the important
and responsible work of the Industrial School at
Clarkabad. You will work under her direction, and
lighten her burden by taking charge of the children
who require nursing and attention, and above all you
will second her efforts for the spiritual good and
Christian training of the children under her charge."
"You, Miss Derry, are going to devote vour ex-
perience gained in nursing to the service of Christ
for the Chinese women in the Hospital at Foo-chow.
You will work under the direction of the medical
man in charge of the Hospital, who will welcome
you as a helper in the Master's name."
After addressing about twenty individ-
ual missionaries in the same personal
manner, the director continued :
"A few words to all may supplement
the special instructions to each : —
" It is hardly necessary to urge upon
you the obvious importance of giving, in
the first instance, all faithful diligence to
the study of the language. Do not allow
yourselves to be entangled in any work,
however tempting, which may divert you
from obtaining as soon as possible, this
essential equipment for effective service,
in gaining access to the hearts of those
whom you would win for Christ.
" At the same time, let your zeal for
work and your devotion to study be tem-
pered with discretion. While ready to
endure hardness as good soldiers of Jesus
BOOKS RECEIVED.— SINCE LAST MONTH.
Christ, allow yourselves to be guided by
the experience of older missionaries in
such matters as attention to diet and
avoiding exposure to the heat. Neglect
of bodily health may have a show of wis-
dom and the appearance of self-denial,
but real unselfishness lies in a prudent
economy of strength and in avoiding that
overstrain which under the conditions of a
tropical climate, even more than at home,
produces a morbid sensitiveness fatal
alike to the liberty of Christian service
and to harmony among Christian workers.
" Let our last word to you be this :
'Be strong in the grace that is in Christ
Three reprints of new books from Fleming II.
Revell Company, New York and Chicago :
James Gilmour of Mongolia. His Diaries, Letters
and Reports. Edited and arranged by Richard
Lovett, M.A. 336 pages. Price, $1.75.
This may stand with the best missionary bio-
graphies. James Gilmour was a remarkable man,
one of those indomitable Scotchmen who develop
nowhere to greater advantage than in a tough mis-
sion field. He died at Tientsin, China, May 1891,
after twenty-two years of extraordinary hardship
and devotion to win Mongolia to Christ. He repre-
sented the London Missionary Society. His graphic
book Among the Mongols, shows the quality of his
mind, but his heart is revealed in the letters of this
volume. For pathos we commend the account (pp.
162, 163) of the first Mongol's confession of Christ
in a smoke-filled room. There is great spiritual in-
spiration in this biography.
The Story of Uganda and the Victoria Nyanga
Mission. By Sarah Geraldina Stock. 223
This must not be confounded with the Life of
Mackay. Our hero comes up here, necessarily,
again and again, but the author has done well to
present a harmonious, comprehensive history of the
whole mission, in which each of many brave workers
stands in his rightful place, and fourteen of whom
(up to May 1S91,) had died for East Africa. For
ourselves there is endless fascination in the story of
The Ainu of Japan. By the Rev. John Batch-
ELOR, C. M. S. Missionary. 336 pages. Price,
The author lived for more than eight years in
intimate association with the aborigines of the
northernmost island of Japan, and sets forth, with-
out literary adornment, plain facts upon such topics
as clothing, furniture, education, bear-hunting, death,
Ainu heroes, etc.
Memorials of Sarah Childress Polk, wife of the
eleventh president of the United States. By Anson
and Fanny Nelson. (Anson D. F. Randolph &
Co.) Price, $1.75. An interesting book to Ameri-
can women, but bears no relation to missions and
does not, therefore, fall within the scope of these
SINCE LAST MONTH.
September 26. — At New York, Rev. Howard Fisher from North India. Address, Hanover, Ind.
October 15. — From New York, Rev. William K. Eddy, Mrs. Eddy and three children, returning to
Sidon, Syria, and Miss Julia Eddy, returning to her parents in Beirut.
Rev. John N. Forman, Mrs. Forman and child, returning to Futtehgurh, North India.
Miss S. M. Wherry, returning to North India, and Miss Emma Morris, to join the mission.
Dr. Emma L. Templin, to take charge of the hospital at Allahabad.
Rev. John N. Hyde, to North India.
October 20. — From New York, Dr. George W. Holmes, formerly of Tabriz, Persia, going to
Hamadan with Mrs. Holmes and two children.
Miss Cora Bartlett and Miss Annie Gray Dale, returning to Teheran, Persia, with Miss Mary
Clark, formerly of Tabriz.
October 20, about. — From Ann Arbor, Mich., Rev. C. S. Williams, for San Luis Potosi, Mexico.
From Springfield, 111., Miss Edna Johnson, for Saltillo, Mexico.
October 22. — From New York, Rev. C. A. R. Janvier, Mrs. Janvier and child, returning to Futteh-
gurh, India, and Miss Emily Forman, who joins the mission, to be for the present with her
father in Lahore.
October 26. — From New York, Samuel Jessup, D.D., and Mrs. Jessup, returning to Beirut, Syria.
Miss Ellen M. Law, appointed to the Seminary in Beirut.
October 28. — From New York, Miss Martha B. Hunter, of Greensboro', Pa., for Bogota, Colombia.
November 2. — From New York, Rev. L. B. Tedford, returning to South India.
November 9.— From New York, for Persia : Rev. William A. Shedd, having completed his studies
at Princeton, to Oroomiah ; Miss Mary Jewett, returning to Tabriz.
Rev. J. N. Wright, returning to Salmas, accompanied by Mrs. Wright and two children.
Miss Jennie McLean, to join the West Persia Mission at Salmas.
November 10. — From New York, Rev. W. A. Waddell, returning to Brazil, after a few weeks'
August 11. — At Bogota, Colombia, Miss Elizabeth Cahill, who joined the mission in 1S90, to
Robert W. Fenn. Address, Honda, Colombia. As the marriage ceremony performed by a
Protestant has no legal weight in Colombia their civil marriage had already taken place in July.
I8 9 2.]
To the A
[For address of each headquarters and
Send all letters to 1334 Chestnut Street.
Directors' Meeting first Tuesday of the month,
at 11.30 a.m., and prayer-meeting third
Tuesday, at 12 M., in the Assembly Room.
We were very happy to have a parting visit
from Miss S. M. Wherry a few days before
she sailed for India. Airs. C. A. R. Janvier
also made us glad by looking in upon us as she
passed through Philadelphia.
Miss Mary A. Snodgrass, of Delaware,
Ohio, is appointed to the Girls' School at Tung
Chow, China, for which we have so long been
seeking helpers. She will sail this Autumn
with a party of returning missionaries.
Dr. Emma L. Templin, whose appointment
to Allahabad, India, was mentioned in our notes
for June last, has lately sailed, as will be seen
from the list of " Departures " given this month.
Of the party with her was also Miss Emma
Morris, of Perth Amboy, N. J., going to Khanna,
The hymn by Mrs. Herrick Johnson, with
music, as found in Children s Work, December,
1890, has been reprinted on single sheets and
will be found helpful in making up a programme
for Band meetings. Price, 6 cents per dozen,
50 cents per hundred.
One more reminder of the Book of Exercises
in preparation. If Band leaders who have noth-
ing original to offer would look over their scrap
books and copy selections that they have found
useful, or would tell us where to find them, it
would be very helpful.
A copied letter may be had from Miss
Brown, of Syria.
Meetings at Room 48, McCormick Block, every
Friday at 10 A.M. Visitors welcome.
Of all the inspiring words heard at the
nation's celebration of the four hundredth anni-
versary of America's discovery, whose music,
multitudes and banners have made Chicago
joyous as old Jerusalem was in this month of
convocations, none sounded out the truth more
clearly than this : " The Cross on Calvary was
hope ; the cross raised on San Salvador was
opportunity. But for the first, Columbus would
never have sailed ; but for the second, there
would have been no place for the planting, the
nurture and expansion of civil and religious
Among those who, " buying up the oppor-
tunity." have this month left father and mother
for Christ's sake and the gospel's, and whose
lists of officers see third page of cover.]
peace has rested upon Room 48, was Rev. John
N. Hyde, on his way to Lodiana. His father is
pastor of the church at Carthage, 111., and his
mother has long been one of our most faithful
Among those whose recent presence, a golden
link, has bound this place still closer to the far-
away field, have been Miss Mary E. Pratt,
whose name cannot be severed from that of
India; Mrs. Mary P. Ford and Miss Rebecca
McC. Brown, of Sidon, Syria. Mrs. Ford, a
missionary herself, and mother of missionaries,
has sons on three continents.
Rev. D. N. Lyon of China, Miss Mary K.
Hesser of Japan and Mrs. H. G. Underwood of
Korea, have this month spoken such words as
must make the people of Soochow, Kanazawa
and Seoul dearer to us henceforth ; and Madame
Hyacinthe-Loyson's brief, but thrilling address
was like a trumpet call.
Indiana women held their tenth synodical
meeting of Home and Foreign Missions at New
Albany, October 25 and 27, with an attendance
of a hundred delegates, — gracious hospitality,
intelligent enthusiasm, a spiritual atmosphere
through all its three clays' sessions.
It might be characterized as a meeting of
"first times." The first time all the Pretby-
terial presidents were present, and nearly every
Presbyterial officer. The first time of an all
day business conference of Synodical and Pres-
byterial officers, preceding regular sessions.
And the first time of a distinctively Christian
Endeavor evening, presided over by the State
Secretary, and addressed upon " World-wide
Endeavor " by Mr. S. L. Mershon. The first
time of appointment of a Missionary C. E.
Secretary as regular Synodical officer to cor-
respond with C. E. societies, and assist them to
definite missionary activity. First time all
Synodical pledges could be reported redeemed,
and several hundreds of dollars over, with
increase on all other lines. First time of a
three days' meeting instead of two, with no
diminution of interest or attendance to the last.
And the first time our society has been per-
mitted to be the agent in transmitting to our
Board of the Northwest a gift of $5,000 for
Foreign Missions, presented at this meeting by
Mrs.W. S. Culbertson of New Albany, so carrying
out a provision in her husband's will. Excellent
speakers were present with us, Misses Johnson
of Japan, and Carey of Persia, and Dr. Haworth
of Japan ; but best of all, " all and in all," the
still small voice of the Spirit speaking in every
heart made the meeting a blessed one to all
present. Now look we for the fruitage.
The laborers falter and fall, but the work
goes on. Kalamazoo Presbyterial Society has
sustained a great loss in the death of Mrs. S. F.
Bacon, wife of the pastor at Richland.
TO THE AUXILIARIES.
Strong in intellect, with firm convictions of
duty, with ready speech and facile pen, Mrs.
Bacon was well fitted to be an inspirer and
guide. For three years she was president of
the society, and we only consented, last April,
to do without her, because she was unable to
carry the burden.
Mrs. Bacon accompanied her husband to
Portland last May, and we were expecting an
enthusiastic account of the meetings at our
recent synodical gathering in Cadillac. But
before her pen had indited the story, the hand
was cold and the voice was stilled.
God can do without the ablest and best as
well as the weakest and feeblest of us. His
resources are inexhaustible. Let us stay our
souls on this assurance, when we fail to see
where they are who shall fill our broken ranks.
/. F. M.
Will the treasurers of every one of our
societies of the W. P. B. M. N. W. please send
for a copy of our new Membership Pledge, and
ask their societies to immediately order some of
them for distribution ? We are confident they
will prove a means of greatly increasing, the
contributions. They will be sent free, except
postage, from Room 48, McCormick Block,
From New York.
Prayer-meeting at 53 Fifth Ave. the first
Wednesday of each month at 10.30 a.m.
Each other Wednesday there is a half-hour
meeting for prayer and the reading of mis-
sionary letters, commencing at the same
The annual meeting of the Woman's Foreign
Society of Utica Presbytery was held at Utica
on October 13. It was a bright and earnest
meeting. One of its peculiar characteristics
was a series of five-minute papers on a great
variety of missionary topics. All who were
asked to render this service complied with the
request; " no refusals" seems to be the rule in
this society and the result was most interesting.
The reports were encouraging and a disposi-
tion to make special efforts for enlarging the
membership of the society was manifest.
The Boys' Missionary Society of University
Place Church, New York City, has honored
itself and given valuable aid to missions by a
piece of manly enterprise which they lately
carried through. They engaged Dr. John Paton
of the New Hebrides to speak in the church and
gave out a general invitation for the evening.
The older boys acted as ushers and received the
collection, amounting to $143.91. Of this sum
$50 was contributed to Dr. Paton's work ; the
remainder is to be appropriated to foreign mis-
sions under the care of our Church — not to
meet the regular pledges of the boys' society but
as an extra gift. In his delightful address, Dr.
Paton never once forgot the boys of the society
who were seated together, below the pulpit.
In fact he seemed to love to turn from recollec-
tions of cannibals to directly address them,
His winning presence, his snowy hair, his zeal
for the heathen, they will never forget, and it
will be a natural sequence if some of those boys
imitate the lad Dr. Paton told them of, and put
themselves into the plate of offerings, one of
We shall have in a few days, a new pro-
gramme and leaflet, for Praise Meetings held by
our auxiliary societies. Copies may be had by
sending to Women's Board, 53 Fifth Ave.,
New York. Price, programme, 2 cts. each, 15
cts. per doz.; leaflet, 1 ct. each, 10 cts. per doz.
We have heard how the Secretary for Young
People's Societies in one Presbytery of New
York State honors her office : " I am hoping to
visit all my Bands this year — have made a
beginning, and find it delightful. When I was
a Band leader, I found the children were greatly
interested in their Presbyterial Secretary and
an Annual Report can be so much more help-
ful if one can write of Bands whom she knows
as living children, than if confined to reported
facts. So I am trying to become acquainted
and to let the Bands know me."
From Northern New York.
As the Societies and Bands know, we have a
contingent fund, from which all the expenses of
the Society are met, such as the printing of
reports, leaflets, and the paying of speakers, etc.
All the Auxiliaries and Bands share equally in
the benefits of this fund, but all do not contri-
bute to it, but have so far been content to have
a few pay for the privileges in which they share.
At the meeting held in Albany, October 18, after
a very full discussion, it was voted that " the
Treasurers, in view of the necessities of the
contingent fund, be authorized to apportion the
amount needed and see that it was collected."
It is hoped that this apportionment will be
promptly and cheerfully paid.
Another matter which we specially desired
to call attention to, is the need of an increase
of ten per cent, in our contributions, This is the
increase called for by the Board, from the
Women's Societies, and at the meeting in Albany
it was voted to raise it. If we are to redeem this
pledge in April, now is the time to do it, not
wait until three weeks before the books close.
Every Auxiliary and Band should have a part in
The new work for the year, which has been
assigned to us, will be found, we think, to con-
tain objects that will prove very attractive to
Bands. Information in regard to new work can
be obtained from Mrs. Heber Dunham, Glen
Avenue, Troy, N. Y.
Many subscriptions to the Magazines expire
with this month, and we would urge all to renew
promptly, and to put in practice the suggestion
given at the Annual Meeting, that with our own,
we send the name of some one to whom we
desire to have our Magazine sent. In this way,
we may be able to enlist some for the work,
TO THE AUXILIARIES.
who are now indifferent to the great claim of
At our Albany meeting we had the pleasure
of having Miss Dale with us, and as a result of
her visit our interest has been stimulated anew
in the school at Teheran. We regret that any
Society or Band could not have heard her
interesting account of the girls. This will always
be a memorable meeting, as we had the rare
privilege of having Dr. J. G. Paton of the New
Hebrides with us. and the message that he
brought us cannot fail to have a quickening
influence on our work.
From St. Louis.
Meetings at 1 107 Olive Street, first and third
Tuesdays of every month. Visitors are wel-
come. Leaflets and missionary literature
obtained by sending to 1107 Olive Street.
The Missouri Synodical Meeting will long be
remembered by all who were privileged to be
present. Mr. Robert Speer's address set the
pulses throbbing; Mrs. Condict's talk" The Holy
Spirit the Spirit of Missions " warmed our hearts
to a new glow of love and desire. " This is
Bethel " was the oft-repeated comment during
the closing session. May the power of the
Holy Spirit, so poured out on this occasion,
abide with us all, and lead us out into holier
living, higher efforts for the cause of missions.
The officers of the Synodical Society for Foreign
Missions remain those "skilled workmen," Mrs.
Mayon, President, Mrs. S. Knight, Secretary.
Will all correspondents in Kansas and Texas
hereafter address Mrs. J. A. Allen as their sec-
retary ? And Missouri and Indian Territory
have Miss Fenby as theirs. Mrs. G. E. Martin
is now the Special Committee for Missionary
Speakers. Correspondents will please address
Mrs. Martin when wishing to secure a speaker
for any missionary occasion.
There are nearly 200 shares, $25 each, as yet
untaken in the Boys' School, Teheran. Will
not Christian Endeavor Societies and Sabbath-
schools make an effort to take some of these
shares? This school is ours — our Miss Clarke is
to be matron and teacher in it. Let us make it
a vivid reality, to be supported, and prayed for.
The Treasurer requests that, where practic-
able, money be sent in quarterly remittances,
thus avoiding the heavy work of the closing
months of the year, and also enabling us to
know how much advance we are making. For
OF COURSE we are not retrograding.
We regret that Miss Cole has been detained in
Japan by very serious illness, and that some
weeks yet must elapse before she will be strong
enough to go on to her beloved Wang Lang
Copies of recent letters from Mrs. Chalfant,
Miss Geisinger, Miss McGuire, will be sent upon
receipt of postage.
" We all, men, women, ministers, laymen, need
an outpouring of the Holy Spirit. You women
ought to arrange for missionary conventions,
in different localities, come together, study the
Word of God, pray for the Holy Spirit. Work
would be pleasure, burdens resolved into bless-
ings. We forget who is the true Guide and
Leader in all our work." Such is the advice of
one distinguished for his knowledge of the Bible,
and for his gentle spirit. Can we have such
meetings, and have them soon ?
New Leaflets. PRIC e
A Little Heart and How it Grew 10
Concerning Women's Missionary Societies 30
Our Auxiliaries (by Mrs. Condict) 20
Mrs. Stanton's Thank-Offerings 10
The Gospel in Deed 10
Maharani, the Hindu Child-Wife 10
Foreign Missionary Lesson (for Children) 10
Manual of Prayer 5 cts. each.
From San Francisco.
Board Meeting, first Monday of each month,
at 933 Sacramento Street ; business meet-
ing at 10.30 a.m. ; afternoon meeting and
exercises by Chinese girls in the Home at
2 P.M. Visitors welcome.
Our Chinese Kindergarten at Los Angeles
has been enlarged. For some time past the
schoolroom has been too small, as attendance
has doubled during the last year. So, while the
children were given a short vacation, the Los
Angeles ladies had the partition removed, a new
floor laid, walls papered, inexpensive curtains
hung at the windows and doors, and everything
made ready for re-opening the school on a more
comfortable basis. When the day came how
bright and happy the children looked dressed in
their gay colored costumes, how well they went
through their exercises to the delight of all the
visitors both Chinese and American. Some of
the poor slave women looked almost beautiful
that day, their stolid expression almost gone.
Time would fail me to tell of the dainty refresh-
ments prepared by the Presbyterial ladies, or of
the beautiful flowers given the Chinese women
and children. We are sure the workers felt
well rewarded for all their labor of love.
An interesting report has come from Monte-
cito of the organization of the new auxiliary
there. Mrs. Hall, President of the Church Aid
Society, invited the ladies to meet with her. A
delicious luncheon was served. They were ad-
dressed by Mrs. Loomis and Mrs. Elderkin.
Result, — a flourishing auxiliary with eighteen
From the little town of Haywards, near Oak-
land, comes another encouraging report. A few
ladies there had become interested in foreign
missions and asked an officer of the Board if
she would address their church people and
organize a woman's society. These six or
seven interested ladies had planned for a large
meeting and had talked of ways in which their
money could be raised. Some had suggested
selling vegetables. The day of the meeting
was ushered in by a terrific storm ; rain, hail,
NEW AUXILIARIES.— TREASURERS' REPORTS. [December,
thunder and lightning coming almost together.
But before the day was over an auxiliary with
fourteen members was organized. Let the older
ones rememby these new societies.
And how did these six or seven ladies at
Haywards become interested in foreign miss-
ions ? Because the ladies of the little Union
Church in San Lorenzo gave a missionary tea
a few weeks ago and invited their friends from
surrounding towns to come and hear the miss-
ionaries who were to address them. These six
or seven ladies from Haywards went to the tea,
they listened to the addresses, they were deeply
interested and decided to have a society as soon
Since that tea the little Union Church at San
Lorenzo has sent fifteen dollars for the New
Girls' Home in San Francisco, and now the
ladies of another town, near by, are talking of
forming a society. Cannot more of our auxili-
aries in the country give missionary teas and
invite the ladies from neighboring towns ?
Los Angeles Presbytery will probably be the
home of our beloved Dr. and Mrs. J. C. Hepburn
during this winter. May the bright skies and
warm air of Southern California bring health and
strength to these honored workers.
OUR President, Mrs. P. D. Browne and Mrs.
I. M. Condit, the State Presbyterial Secretary,
have visited several of the auxiliaries in the
central part of the State. They took part in the
Stockton Presbyterial meeting, and then went
on to the Synod ical meeting at Fresno, after
addressing which, and reading the semi-annual
report, they left Fresno for Los Angeles Pres-
bytery. We feel sure the workers there will
gladly welcome these officers of the Board, and
they will be greatly encouraged by seeing the
work in this prosperous Presbyterial Society.
NEW AUXILIARIES AND BANDS.
Marsland, Union Circle, King's
Pender, Willing Workers.
South Omaha, ist.
" " Little Chip-pickers.
Bound Brook, Band.
Garfield, Junior C. E.
New Brunswick, istCh. Junior C.E.
Dunlap's Creek, Little Helpers.
Murraysville, Jessie Porter Bd.
Newton, Hamilton, Cheerful Work-
Philadelphia, Bethany Church, Jun-
ior C. E.
Philadelphia, Oxford Church, Jun-
ior C. E.
South Easton, Junior C. E.
Receipts of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of the Presbyterian Church from
October i, 1892.
Butler. — Butler, 45.80; Grove City, 24, Always Ready
Bd., Little Austin, dec'd, 7; Martinsburg, 5; Muddy
Creek, Morning Star Bd., 2; N. Liberty, 16.05; Plain
Grove, 9, Cheerful Workers, 4 ; West Sunbury, 14, 126.85
Carlisle. — Carlisle, ist, 12, S.S., 13; Carlisle, 2d, 24, Y.
L.B., 14.50; Dillsburg, 8.50; Gettysburg, 8; Harrisburg,
Market Sq., 01.50, S.S., sen. dept., 59.16 ; Mechanicsburg,
30, Birthday Bd., 9.56; Mercersburg, 6, Y.L.B., 11; Ship-
pensburg. 70.59 ; Upper Path Valley, 3.83, 361.64
Chillicothe. — Bloomingburg, 6 ; Bourneville, 4; Chil-
licothe. ist, 13.60; Chillicothe, 3d, 5.91; Concord, 6;
Frankfort, 10; Greenfield, 10.23, Snowballs, 2.88; Hills-
boro', 25, Sycamore Val. Br., 3.75; Mt. Pleasant, 5; North
Fork, 0.72, Cheerful Givers, 5 ; Pisgah, 7.50; Union, 1.95;
Washington C. H., 16; Wilkesville, 6; Wilmington, 7.75,
Cleveland. — Ashtabula, 25.25; Cleveland, ist, 61.00;
2d. 314; Calvary, primary cl., o.4_o;_ North, 16, Mrs. W. W.
5.C.E., 5; Painesville, Lake
Dunellen, 25 j Elizabeth,
a lady, 20; Marshall St.,
Worswick, 25 ; Wilson Ave.,
Erie Sem., 20,
Elizabeth. — Clinton, 13.51 ;
Ass'n, 125; Westminster Ch.,
Cheerful Givers, 50, Y.P.S., 7.50; Mefuchen, Little Glean-
ers, 33.09; Perth Amboy, 16; Plainfield, ass'n, 156.73 ; ist
Ch., S.S., 25; Roselle, 20.86 ; Springfield, 27, inf. cl., 8,
Hoi.ston.— Greenville, 30; Jonesboro , 12.65 ; Mt- Bethel,
18, Cheerful Givers, 7; Salem, 5.50, Y.L.C., 4.17, King's
Children, 1.21 ; Timber Ridge, 1, 79 53
Monmouth. — Beverly, 23; Burlington (East), S.S., 26;
Englishtown, Ogden Bd., 10.40; Jacksonville. 10; Mata-
wan, D. Holbrook Bd., 40; Mt. Holly, 1; Perrineville,
13.30; Riverton, Earnest Workers, 20; Tennent, 17.43;
Shrewsbury, Eatontown Bd., 25 ; West Palmyra, S.S., 4,
Morris and Orange.— Mt. Olive, Willing Workers, 10.00
Newark. — Montclair, Trinity, 100.00
New Brunswick. — Amwell, ist, 28; Amwell, 2d, 16.50;
Bound Brook, Bd., 7; Flemington, 34.30, Gleaners, no,
Mrs. E. B. V. F., 50; Lambertville, 106.89; Milford, 30;
Pennington, Anna Foster Bd., 21 ; Trenton, 4th, Emily
Bd., 10; Trenton, Prospect St., 30, 443.69
New Castle. — Buckingham, 4.83: Chesapeake City,
What-we-can Bd., 5; Dover, 25; Elkton, 12, King's Jew-
els, 41.^8; Federalsburg, 3.50; Forest, 23, Y.L.B., 20;
Glasgow, 6.30; Head of Christiana, 8.50; Lewes, 16,
Lighthouse Bd., 5; Manoken, 15: Newark, 12, Amaranth-
ine Bd., 10; Port Deposit, 25; Pitts Creek, 20. Rosebud
Bd., 4; Port Penn, 3: Rock, 4, Vivian Bd., 1.75; West
Nottingham, 57.26; White Clay Creek, 8.50; Wicomico,
10; Wilmington, ist, Y.L.B., 6.68; Hanover St., 26.74;
Rodney St., 22; West, 28, Y.P.S., 7; Zion, 6.75, Happy
Harvesters, 6, I-will-try Bd., 1.50, 445. 89
Newton. — Andover, 3.75 ; Asbury, 5 ; Belvidere, ist, 40,
Young Men's Bd., 6.34; Belvidere, 2d, 16.25; Blairstown,
70.50, Boys' Brigade, 12; Greenwich, 3; Hackettstown,
5.25 ; La Fayette, 4 ; Newton, inf. sch., 6; Oxford, ist, 19;
Oxford, 2d, 12.41 ; Phillipsburg, ist, 25 ; Stewartsville,
Philadelphia.— Memorial, 20; Olivet, primary cl., 20;
Southwestern, John McLeod Bd., 30; Temple, 25, Grace
Bd., 5; Mrs. E. L. Linnard, 100, 200.00
Philadelphia, North.— Coll. Presb'l meeting, s/ecia/,
Portsmouth. — Ironton, 41.05; Jackson, 4; Manchester,
10.30; Mt. Leigh, 5; Portsmouth, ist, 13.35; Portsmouth,
2d, 36, 109.70
Washington. — Claysville, 50 ; Cove, 11.75; Cross Creek,
50; Lower Ten Mile, 25 : New Cumberland, 17.50 ; Upper
Buffalo, 60, McMillan Bd., 40; Washington, ist, 76.35,
Cornes Bd., 25, Mrs. W. H. Hamilton, th. off., 100; Wash-
ington, 2d, 24.60; Wellsburg. Little Seeds, 30; West
Alexander, 36, Hold-the-Fort Bd.,25; Wheeling, ist, 150,
Cherith Bd., 20, 74120
Washington City. — Hyattsville, 20, Mcllvaine Bd.. 10,
S.C.E., 10; Washington, ist, 27.50, Young Woman's Bd.,
10; 4th Ch., 0.29; 6th, 15; Cheerful Givers, 5 ; Fifteenth
St., 6; Assembly, 10; Covenant, 63.30, S.S., 49.33; East-
ern, 5 ; Gunton Temple, S.S., 5 ; Gurley Mem., 31 ; Metro-
politan, 55, Mateer Bd., 10; New York Ave., S.S., 100,
Bethany Boys' Bd., 22.01, Faith Chapel, 15; Western,
12. so; West St., 18 ; Westminster, 10, ;'<>.°2
Wellsboro'. — Arnot, 5; Coudersport, 2.50; Elkland,
9.30; Mansfield, 2.10 ; Osceola, 6.67 ; Tioga, 4.80. 30.37
West Jersey. — Bridgeton, ist, 26.63; Cedarville, two
churches, 15; May's Landing, O.P.J. Bd., 12, 53 63
Westminster. — Chanreford, 68, Willing Workers, 10;
Chestnut Level, 26; Columbia, 66: Little Britain, 25;
Middle Octarara, 25: Pequea, 10: Union, -n: Wrights-
ville, o; York. ist. S.S., 46.78: York, Westminster, 20;
Pres. Soc, th. off., 274.75. coll., 9.03, 622.56
Zanesville. — Brownsville, 11.65; Coshocton, 10; Dres-
den, 15; Granville, 30; Homer, 10; Madison, 25; Mt.
Pleasant, 3.15; Newark, 2d, 45; Pataskala, 29.50; Utica,
3.85; Zanesville, ist, 10; Zanesville, Putnam, 11.01, Mrs.
Potwin, 25, 229.16
Miscellaneous. — Honeybrook, Pa., "Co-worker," 100;
Kolhapur, India, Mrs. G. H. Ferris, 5; New York, Mrs.
James Moses, 36; Shanghai, China, five children of Mrs.
J. B. N. Smith, 10 ; interest on investments, 162.84, 3 J 3-84
Total for October, 1892, $6,185.11
Total since May 1, 1892, 24,621.68
Mrs. Julia M. Fishburn, Treas.,
Nov. 10, 1892. 1334 Chestnut St., Philadelphia.
Receipts of the Woman's Presbyterian Board of Missions of the Northwest to
October 20, 1892.
Aberdeen. — Aberdeen, 26 ; Groton, 15 ; Britton, 12,
Alton. — Alton, 6.30, S. S., 20 ; Brighton, 5 ; Carlyle,
17.20; Carrollton, 19 ; Hillsboro, 7 ; Reno, 12.50; Sparta, 7,
S.S., 25 (less Pres. ex., 3.55), H5-45
Bellefontaine. — Belle Centre, 5.50; Bellefontaine, 5;
Crestline, 3.60; Galion, 18.05, Mrs. E. C. Linsley, 1 ; Ken-
ton, 32.19; Tiro, 4.20 ; Upper Sandusky, 3.40, Y.P.S., 9.10,
Bloomincton. — Bloomington, 2d, 140; Clinton, Willing
Workers, 13 ; El Paso, 7 ; Heyworth, 10, Willing Workers,
15; Minonk, 3.74, S.S.M.B., 3.02; Normal, 7.64; Onarga,
Y.P.M.S., 10; Pontiac, 30; Rankin, 7.23 ; Rossville, 7,
Boulder. — Deer Lodge, Passover Fund, 5; Helena, 10.25,
Cedar Rapids. — Anamosa, 5.40; Blairstown, 10, Y.L.S.,
2.40, C.E., 8.30; Cedar Rapids, ist. Girls' Bd, 15; 2d, 30,
King's Children, 5; Clinton, 46; Center Junction, 5.50;
Clarence, 5.50; Lyons, 2.50, River Lights, 5.50; Linn
Grove, 25 ; Mt. Vernon, Gleaners, 5 ; Onslow, 5 ; Scotch
Grove, 10.61, S.S., 6.29 ; Springville, 5.25 ; Vinton, S.S., 30;
Wyoming, 3.25, C.E., 15, S.S., 4.41, Mrs. Alex. Scott, 25,
Central Dakota.— Madison, Busy Bee Bd., 3.00
Chicago. — Austin, Mary Holmes Soc, 10.09 ; Chicago,
ist, S.S., 75, Railroad Chapel, Y.L.S., 6.25; 2d, n8, S.S.,
46, Children's Day off., 22 ; 3d, 475, In mem. of Mrs. G. W.
Newcomb, 28.80, Boys' Bd., 15, Seed Sowers, 65 ; 4th, 16.76,
Y.W.S., 56, C.E., 30, Do Tell Soc, 15.38; 5th, 14.65; 6th,
76.10, C.E., 2, S.S., 40.90; 8th, 24; Ch. of the Covenant,
14,01; Fullerton Ave. Ch., 40, C.E., 1.50; Jefferson Park
Ch., 31.75; Coal City, New Hope Ch., 11 ; Evanston, 50;
Du Page, 42; Hinsdale, 6.55; Joliet, ist, 35; Central Ch.,
131.60, S.S., 35,94 ; Homewood, In mem. of Mrs. A. R. Taft,
35 ; Hyde Park, 86, Y.W.S., 20, Busy Bees, 25 ; Lake Foiw
est, 244.36, Ferry Hall, 200, Y.P.S., 44.85, Steady Streams,
10.51, Mrs. S. J. Rhea, Th. off. for life given and for life
preserved, 35 ; Lake View, 18 ; Manteno, 42.25 ; Maywood,
10 ; Peotone, 22.93, " That the angel of Death has passed
us by," 5, S.S., 7.07 ; Oak Park, 25.68 ; River Forest, 24.29;
Waukegan, 35.74; Wilmington, Passover gifts, 2; Presb'l
off., 27.02, 2,457.07
Chippewa. — Ashland, 13.13 ; Eau Claire, 10.50 ; Chippewa
Falls, 6 ; Hudson, 2.82, " 32.45
Ckawfordsville. — Delphi, 100.00
Denver. — Denver, ist Ave. Ch., 11. 15; Central Ch.,
81.69 ; Highland Park Ch., 9 ; North Denver, 10.17 ! Little-
ton, 10, 122.01
Des Moines.— Adel, 10; Albia, 5, F. D., 18; Chariton,
10; Dallas Center, 7.22; Des Moines, Central Ch., 37 50;
Westminster Ch., 25 ; 6th Ch., 10; Grimes, 4.28, C.E., 2
cts.; Indianola, 6.25 ; Leighton, 5 ; New Sharon, 5.15; Os-
ceola, 4; Panora, 5 ; Russell, 8.75 ; Winterset, 10.30, 172.17
Detroit.— Ann Arbor, 48.45 ; Birmingham, 3 Detroit,
1st, 90, Richardson M.S., 25; Westminster Ch., 75; Me-
morial Ch., 22.50; Trumbull Ave. Ch., 17.50; Thompson
Ch., 50 cts.; Bethany Ch., 10.68 ; Ch. of the Covenant,
Cheerful Laborers, 50 cts.; Forest Ave.Ch., 4 ; Central Ch.,
S.S., 3; Howell, 10; Inkster, Bd., 50 cts.; Milford, 50,
Y.L.S., 7, Will Whipple Ministering League, 1.50; Mt.
Clemens, 4.50; Northville, 14 ; Pontiac, 32.15, Y.L.S., 19.50;
Southfield, 1 ; Stony Creek, Bd.,-2, S.S., 1 ; White Lake, ii ;
Ypsilanti, 20, Y.P.M., 10, 484.28
Dubuque.— Coggon, Busy Bees, 1 ; Independence, 2.25,
3- 2 5
Ft. Dodge.— Bancroft, 1.94, Mrs. D. Williams, In mem.
T. Addison Williams, 5; Boone, 10, C.E., 18.92; Carroll,
5.20; Dana, 8; Jefferson, 8, S.S., 15.45; Lohrville, 6.12;
Laurens, 4; Lake City, 10, C E., 10; Livermore, 10.09;
Plover, 01 cts.; Rockwell City, 1.65, 115.28
Ft. Wayne. — Auburn, 5; Ft. Wayne, ist, 10.25, S.S.,
42.55, Mrs. D. B. Wells' CI., 18; 3d, Bd., 25; Lima, 2.31 ;
Waterloo, 1.81, 104.92
Freeport. — Belvidere, 11.65 : Freeport, 2d, 25 ; Harvard,
4.50; Marengo, 12; Middle Creek Ch., 76.35; Polo, Inde-
pendent Ch., 8.75 ; Ridgefield, Willing Workers, 5; Rock-
ford, Westminster Ch., 25, 168.25
Hastings. — Holdrege, 4.45 ; Kenesaw, 12.50, 16.95
Kalamazoo.— Edwardsburg, 5; Kalamazoo, 1st, S.S. cl.,
10 ; Niles, 8.30 ; Richland, 6.19 ; Sturgis, 9.50 ; Three Rivers.
6 - 2 5, 45.24
Kearney.— Kearney, 13.65
Lima. — Lima, ist, 32.50, S.S., 25, 57.50
Madison. — Lodi, 13.21 ; Madison, 30.09 ; Portage, 4.80,
Mattoon.— Ashmore, 18.75, Willing Workers, 3 ; Charles-
ton, 4.15; Shelbyville, 30; Taylorville, 35.56; Vandaiia,
Milwaukee. — Milwaukee, Calvary Ch., 770; Immanuel
Ch., 60; Ottawa, 3.23, Bd., 19; Racine, Cheerful Givers,
Montana. — Bozeman, S.S., 31.25; Deer Lodge, Passover
Dollars, 5 ; Great Falls, 12.50 ; Helena, 15, 63.75
Monroe.— Adrian, Y.L.S., 8 ; Erie, Pansy Bd., 7 ; Mon-
ro, 23 ; Reading, 2.50; Tecumseh, Y.L.S., 30, Wide Awake
Bd., 5.75, 76.25
Muncte. — Anderson, 12.38 ; Jonesboro, S.S. , 4.81 ; Marion,
10; New Hope, 4.20; Noblesville, 4.80 ; Peru, 12. oq ; Tip-
ton, 5.50; Union City, 2.50 ; Wabash, 31.70, 87.98
New Albany. — Bedford, 5; Charlestown, 9 ; Hanover,
30.56, Light Bearers, 8.64; jeffersonville, 27.50; Madison,
ist, 20, Y.L.B., 16.80; Mt. Vernon, 5; New Albany, ist,
82.75, C.E., 10; 2d, 51.44, Mrs. Nunemacher, 20; 3d, 14.60:
North Vernon, 2.50; Pleasant Township, 2; Sharon Hill,
5 ; Vernon, q.25; Vevay, 2.13, 322.17
Omaha.— Blair, 2.10; Craig, 2.53; Columbus, 1.86, Will-
ing Workers, 10; Fremont, 25; Lyons, 8.15, Jr. C.E., 60
cts.; Omaha, ist, Misses Fulton and Halle, 25; 2d, 5;
Castellar St. Ch., 2.50; Knox Ch., 5.83 ; Westminster Ch.,
S.S. birthday box, 15 ; Schuyler, 1.50, io 5-°7
Ottawa.— Mendota, 10.38; Paw Paw, 25; Plato Ch.,
9.55, Helping Hands, 6.45 ; Waltham, 5, 56.38
Peoria.— Canton, 37.19; Delavan, 4; Deer Creek, 12;
Dunlap, Prospect Ch., 5; Elmwood, 21.56; Elmira, 7.10,
Temple Builders, 11 ; Eureka, 11 ; Galesburg, 15, Pearl
Seekers, 12.50; Green Valley, 6.25; Ipava, 12 50; Knox-
ville, 25, Whatsoever Bd., 20; Lewistown, 25 ; Peoria, ist,
34.75, E. R. Edwards Bd., 14.80, Westminster Y.L.S., 1.45,
Little Lights, 2.70, C.E., 11.32; 2d, 19.35, C.E., 4.41 ; Cal-
vary Ch., 13.50; Grace Ch., 8; Princeville, 6; Vermont,
Petoskev.— Boyne City, 1.02 ; Cadillac, 13 ; East Jor-
dan, 10; Harbor Springs, 16.41; McBain, 50 cts.; Mack-
inaw City, 15 ; Petoskey, 10, 65.93
Pueblo.— Caiion City, 7.65 ; La Veta, S.S., 4 ; Pueblo,
Mesa Ch., 25.47, Busy Bee Bd., 1.98, 39.10
Saginaw.— Alma, 3.84 ; Alpena, 3.92 ; Bay City, 16.02 ;
West Bay City, 0.1 1, 32. 89
St. Paul. — Buffalo, 5 ; Hastings, 10 ; Minneapolis,
Shiloh Ch., 8.40; Stewart Memorial Ch., Y.W.S., 15.67;
Westminster Ch., 72.45; Rush City, 5; St. Cloud, 9; St.
Paul, 9th, 14.60; Westminster Ch., 5 ; Central Ch., Y.W.S.,
242.96, C.E., 45, 433 08
Sioux City.— Alta, 2.68; Cherokee, 30, C.E., 10; Cleg-
horn, 15; Ida Grove, 21.63; Inwood, 5; Larrabee, 3.16,
Busy Bees, 4.29; Le Mars, 45; Odebolt, 13.79; Pauliina,
15; Sac City, 4.55; Sanborn, 14.07; Schaller, Beacon
Lights, 5; Sioux City, ist, 42; 2d, 16.94, C.E., 9.29, Buds
of Promise, 10 ; Vail, 3, 270.40
Springfield.— Athens, N. Sangamon Ch., 37.50; Bates,
32.50; Decatur, 50, Brier Bd., 1.25; Farmingdale, 25;
Greenview, Y.P.S., 7,50; Jacksonville, Westminster Ch.,
5, Bd., 10; State St. Ch., 34.75; Lincoln. 4.85, Mrs. B. H.
Brainerd, 412 ; Mason City, 33.48 ; Petersburg, 20.19 ; Pis-
gah Ch., 7.50; Springfield, 2d, 4^ ; a friend of missions, 5 ;
3d, Boys' Bd., 8.72 ; "Sweetwater, Irish Grove Ch., 4.50;
Woodson, Unity Ch., 3.41, 746.15
Vincennes.— Carlisle, 8; Claiborne Ch., 11.50; Evans-
ville, Grace Ch., 20.50; Walnut St. Ch., 49.50; Indiana
Ch., 5; Oakland City, 3 ; Petersburg,'^, S.S., 6; Prince-
ton, 10; Spencer, 4.50; Terre Haute, Moftatt St. Ch.,
17.50; Central Ch., 10; Upper Indiana Ch., 13.72; 'Sulli-
van, S.S. , 25 ; Vincennes, 18.65, 255.87
Miscellaneous.— Misc., 1 ; Lake Forest, Mrs. C. B. Far-
well, 10, Mrs. W. C. Lamed, 15; Mrs. I. P. Rumsey, 50;
Miss J. L. Axtell, 50; Chicago, 6th, 25; Campbell Park
Ch., 7; 4th, 35 ; Anon., 1 ; Hudson, Wis., 13.27 ; by sale of
A Brief Record, Life of M. M. Campbell, 60 cts.; income
from real estate, 600.65, 808.52
Total for month.
Total receipts since April 20,
Mrs. C. B. Farwell, Treas.,
Chicago, Oct. 20, 1892. Room 48 McCormick Block.
Receipts of the Women's Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church
for October, 1892.
Binghamton. — Cover.try, 27.56 ; Marathon, 10, 37-66
Brooklyn.— Brooklyn, Ainslie St., 14.58; Bethany, 2.92 ;
Duryea, 8.75; Franklin Ave., 3.42; Greene Ave., 8.37;
Second, 7.42 ; Throop Ave., 26.02, Girls' Bd., 1.03, Jr. C.E.,
4.67 ; Westminster, 29.57 ; Stapleton, S. I., 1st, 21, 127.75
Buffalo. — Buffalo, Calvary, 72.84; Lafayette St., 65.50;
North, 32.10; Wells St., Y.P.S.C.E., 10; Orchard Park, 5,
Y.P.S.C.E., 18; Portville, Y.L.S., 18.17; Tonawanda, 10;
E., 10 ; Orchard Park, 5,
Westfield, 30, 261.61
Cayuga. — Auburn, 2d, 10 ; Westminster, 2.06 ; Dryden,
9.04 ; Ithaca, 2 ; Weedsport, 16.75, Christ's Jewels, 10,
Chemung. — Big Flats, 19; Breesport, Y.P.S., 2 ; Dundee,
12 ; Elmira, 1st, 35.60; Lake St., 50, Sunbeam Circle, 6.29 ;
Havana, 4; Hector, 10, Little Helping- Hand Soc, 5;
Horseheads, 8; Mecklenburg, 12; Monterey, 5; Moreland,
4; Southport, 5.58 ; Watkins, 10, 188.47
Ebenezer, Ky. — Ashland, off., 11.37; Frankfort, off., 5 ;
Lexington, 10, addl. off., 25 cts.; Mt. Sterling, 7.13, off., 6.45,
Hudson. — Chester, 25; Florida, 25; Goshen, Y.L.S.,28;
Goodwill Ch., 33.35 ; Haverstraw, 75 ; Hillburn, 21 ; Middle-
town, 1st, 14.19; 2d, Girls' Bd., 10, Boys' Bd., 12.50; Mil-
ford, Pa., 4.32; Monroe, 36.75, S.S., 13.25; Nyack, 11.50;
Port Jervis, 1 1.35 ; Unionville, 10, 331.21
Long Island.— Amagansett, 5 ; East Moriches, Miss.
Bd., 53 cts., S.S., 5 ; Middle Island, 30 ; Selden, 5 ; South-
ampton, 6.31 ; West Hampton, 9.03 ; Yaphank, 7.33 ; Pres'l
Soc. off. at An. Meet., 10.40, 78.60
Lyons. — Newark, 33.46, Y. P. Guild, 30; Ontario, 4;
Palmyra, 10.50; Williamson, 4, 81.96
Nassau. — Freeport, 29.79; Hempstead, Miss. Bd., 20;
Huntington, 1st, 25 ; Islip, 12.50 ; Springfield, 2.50, 89.79
New York.— Adams Mem'l, Faithful Workers, 29.75;
Fifth Ave., 230; Park, 122.59, Seekers for Pearls, 122.59,
Light Bearers, 6.50: Westminster, S.S., 25; Mrs. A. E.
Mortimer, 60 ; Mrs. Wm. Jay Schieffelin, 50, 646.43
Niagara. — Albion, 8 ; Barre, 6.55 ; Lewiston, 4 ; Lock-
port, 1st, 50, Y.L.S.,25; 2d, 5; Niagara Falls, 10.88; Ton-
awanda, 15, 124.43
North River. — Cornwall, Canterbury, 30; Freedom
Plains, 20 ; Little Britain, 13 ; Marlborough, 22 ; Newburgh,
Calvary, Earnest Workers, 30; 1st, Bethel S.S., Miss. Soc,
50; New Hamburgh, Ellesdie Volunteers, 2; Pine Plains,
8 ; Pleasant Plains, 10 ; Pleasant Valley, 23 ; Poughkeepsie,
166.20; Rondout, 47 50; Salisbury Mills, Bethlehem, 12;
Smithfield, Happy Pilgrims, 1, 434 70
Otsego.— Cherry Valley, 10, Y. L. Tuesday Club, 50 ;
Cooperstown, 25 ; Delhi, 2d, 6.60 ; Middlefield Centre, 7.72 ;
Oneonta, 18.75 ; Unadilla, 8.86 ; Worcester, 8, Golden
Links, 5, 139-93
Syracuse. — Baldwinsville, Y.L.S., 5 ; Cazenovia, Chris-
tian Ass'n, 25 j Manlius, 5, Miss Ellen Lowrie, 2 ; Marcel-
lus, Thorburn Bd., 15.25; Onondaga Valley, 12; Oswego,
1st, 20 ; Syracuse, 1st, 84 ; 1st Ward, 22 ; 4th, 95 ; Memorial,
5.77, Y.P.S., 30, 321.02
Utica. — Boonville, 25; Clinton, 43, Y.P.S.C.E.. 7 ; Hol-
land Patent, 10; Ilion, 20; Kirkland, 5; Knoxboro, 21.61 ;
Little Falls, 100, Y.L. Cir., 60, Glad Tidings Bd.,25; Low-
ville, Y.P.S., 45 ; Lyons Falls, 13.88; New Hartford, 37.44,
Wide Awake Soc, 60 ; New York Mills, 25.20, Y.L.S., 70.01,
Busy Bee Bd., 5.47; North Gage, 10 ; Oneida, 95; Oneida
Castle, 21.17, Busy Bee Bd., 8, S.S., Prim. Dept. Birthday
Boxes, 2.17; Oriskany, 10. Y.L.S., 5; Rome, 40, S.S. Miss.
Soc,?7.94; Sauquoit, 30, Willing Workers, 10; South Tren-
ton, 9.50 ; Utica, Bethany, Mrs. H. C. Wood, 5. S.S. Prim.
Dept., 45.48 ; 1st, 150, Mrs. H. C. Goldthwait, 140, Y.L.S.,
50, Bachman Bd., 25 ; Memorial, 37 ; Olivet, 23 ; Westmin-
ster, 50, Brown Bd., 20, Fisher Bd., 25 ; West Camden, 8 j
Westernville, 15, 1,415.87
Westchester.— Katonah, 7.15; Patterson, 24.75; Peeks-
kill, 1st, ico, 131-9°
Miscellaneous.— Hot Springs, N. C, Mrs. J. E. Dorland,
Legacy.— Nassau Presbytery, Babylon. Mrs. Mary Anne
Total since April 1, 1892, 18,080.07
Mrs. C. P. Hartt, Trea*.,
53 Fifth Ave., New York City.
Mrs. J. A. Welch, Asst. Treas.,
39 West Seventeenth St., New York City.
Receipts of the Northern New York Society from April 21, 1892, to October 26, 1892.
Albany. — Albany, 2d, Miss Treadwell, 100 ; 4th, Golden
Hour Bd., 1 ; West End, 15.44, S.C.E., 2.50, Luzerne Ch.,
3.18; Princetown, Lend-a-Hand Bd., 3 ; Schenectady, 1st,
65 ; Tribes Hill, 8.30 ; West Galway, 6, 204.42
Champlain.— Plattsburgh, 80.00
Columbia. — Ancram Lead Mines, 7; Centreville, 5.43;
New Lebanon Sisters, 6, 18.43
Troy. — Cohoes, 30, "In His Name" Bd., 50; Fort Ed-
ward, 15, Rogers Miss. Bd., 7.50; Glens Falls, 25, Miss
Angie Wing, 200; Lansingburgh, 1st, 56.24; Mechanics-
ville, Ch. and Jr. Soc, 5, Miss L. M. Gilbert, 1 ; Sandy
Hill, 43; Troy, 1st, Drum Corps, 30; Second St., 137.25;
Waterford, 51.81, 651.80
Emma D. Nash, Treas.
Troy, N. Y., October 26.
Receipts of the Woman's Presbyterian Board of Missions of the Southwest for the
month ending October 25, 1892.
Emporia. — Council Grove, 3.10; Derby, 2.67; Emporia,
8 : Osage City, 4.63 ; Peabody, 20, Jr. S.C.E., 10 ; Wichita,
1st, 8.65, 57.05
Neosho. — Moran, S.C.E., 2.39
Osborne.— Colby, 9.46; Hays City, 5, Bethlehem Stars,
3 ; Oberlin, 14.09 ; Osborne, 3.25, Little Workers, 1 ;
Phillipsburg, 3.59, Golden Star Bd., 5; Smith's Centre,
5.59; Wa Keeney, Pearl Gatherers, 65 cts., 50.63
Ozark.— Carthage, 1st, 4.25, Deo Data Bd., 5; West-
minster Ch., 15.05; Grace, 1; Greenfield, Daisy Chain
Bd.,25; Neosho, We-show-you Bd., 3.85; White Oak, 3;
Presbl. Soc, 2.83, 59.98
Palmyra. — Hannibal, 1st, S.C.E., 6.25; Kirksville, 6;
Louisiana, 4.25 ; Macon City, 3.35, 19-85
Platte. — Albany, Bd., 13; Breckinridge, 6; Hamilton,
13.35 : King's City, 6 ; Maryville, 1st, 15.26, L.G.M. Bd., 6 ;
Maryville, 2d, 13.40, King's Helpers, 5.25 ; Parkville, 12.79,
St. Louis. — Kirkwood, 10.53; St. Louis, Carondelet,
4.82, Helping Hands, 10; North, 6; Washington and
Compton Aves., 125; Webster Groves, Y.P. Cir., 20; Zoar,
5 ; two friends, 20, 201.35
Topeka.— Auburn, 5; Idana, 1st, 4.85; Junction City,
6.50, S.C.E., 21.10; Mulberry, 9.75; Topeka, 1st, 50, S.S.,
Trinity. — Terrell, Juvenile Bd.,
North Texas. — Denison, S.S. Soc,
Miss Jennie McGintie, Treas.,
4201 Annex, Page Ave., St. Louis, Mo.
Receipts of the Woman's Occidental Board of Missions to October 22, 1892.
Sacramento.— Colusa, 3.50 ; Sacramento, Westminster, Total since March 25, 1892, 2,800.41
Stockton.— Fresno, 7.80 ; Stockton, 17.20, 25.00 Mrs. E. G. Denniston, Treas.,
Total for October, $32.50 933 Sacramento St., San Francisco, Cal.